Mathematics and the WWW

Glossary of terms and acronyms


4 March 1997

Web, the outer projection of a rail, intended to prevent
the wheels of carriages from running off the track.
                                Civil Engin. & Arch. Jrnl. 1838

AMS, the American Mathematical Society, chief organization of American research mathematicians.

EPADEL, the Eastern Pennsylvania and Delaware section of the MAA.

Ethernet, "What is Ethernet? A: Ethernet is a type of network cabling and signalling specifications (OSI Model layers 1 [physical] and 2 [data link]) originally developed by Xerox in the late 1970. In 1980, Digital Equipment Corp. (DEC), Intel and Xerox (the origin of the term DIX, as in DEC/Intel/Xerox) began joint promotion of this baseband, CSMA/CD computer communications network over coaxial cabling, and published the "Blue Book Standard" for Ethernet Version 1. This standard was later enhanced, and in 1985 Ethernet II was released." [from Ethernet Network Questions and Answers, Summarized from UseNet group comp.dcom.lans.ethernet,Version 2.12 of 13 December 1994] (See, we mathematicians aren't so bad.) What is it really? A local area network specification developed by Xerox Parc, Digital Equipment Corporation, and Intel.

Exabyte, 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 bytes.

FAQ, a frequently asked question in a newsgroup.

HTML, Hypertext Markup Language, the programming language in which Web pages are written.

Hypertext, see section 4

Internet

Internet, history of      There's an interesting ancient technology artifact (books, I think they were called) on the origins of the Internet: "Where Wizards Stay Up Late," by Katie Hafner and Matthew Lyon, Simon and Schuster, 1996.

MAA, Mathematical Association of America, the chief organization of American college teachers of mathematics. Mission and Goals.

Mathematics Awareness Week

NCTM, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, chief organization of American school teachers.

NCTM Standards (see Section 7)

NSF, the National Science Foundation, the major source of funding for research mathematics and for mathematics education development, and a major player in the development of the Internet.

URL, Uniform Resource Locator, the World Wide Web address of a page

World Wide Web

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Gene Klotz