Rug Gallery

India, 18th or 19th century

The Textile Museum R63.00.16
Acquired by George Hewitt Myers in 1920
190 x 130 cm

Complicated patterns based upon geometric relationships were favorite choices for architectural ornament and decorative arts from the 14th century onwards in the Islamic world. This pattern of eight-pointed stars and polygons set within a square grid is also found in inlaid wood and carved stone ornament. All such geometric patterns may be constructed simply using a compass and ruler although they appear to be very complicated.

Within the stars and polygons, there are many varieties of floral ornament based upon reflection and rotation. The overall symmetry of the central field shows reflections along both horizontal and vertical axes, combined with glide reflections.

View Symmetries (Larger Image)

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