1. Alexander the Great: 356-323 B.C.E.

Macedonian (northern Greece). By the age of 33 Alexander the Great had conquered Greece, the Persian empire all the way to India, and Egypt.

Gow passes on the following story about Alexander's cultural interests:

Bell observes that when Alexander arrived in Egypt as its conqueror in 332, "in striking contrast to the Persians [Egypt's former occupiers], he paid homage to the native gods, and was apparently accepted without question as king of Egypt." He says of the political intermarrying, "it typified his great conception of the wedding of Europe and Asia."