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Topic:
[HM] L'Hopital, Pythagoras, Ptolemy and Hilbert
Replies:
25
Last Post:
Jul 19, 2000 9:37 PM




Re: [HM] L'Hopital, Pythagoras, Ptolemy and Hilbert
Posted:
Jul 17, 2000 6:30 PM


This topic ran its course a couple months ago, but I just came across a pertinent weference at the Lingua Franca website, an article by Jim Holt titled "MISTAKEN IDENTITY THEORY  Why Scientists Always Pick the Wrong Man." Here's a snippet:  The practice of naming things after people (real or mythical) who are associated with them is called eponymy. There are eponymous words, like "guillotine," "bowdlerize," and "sadism." There are eponymous placenames, like Pennsylvania and the Peloponnisos. And there are eponymous compound expressions, like "Copernican system" and "Halley's comet." When such expressions occur in the sciences, the presumption is that the thing designated was discovered by the scientist whose name is affixed to it. That presumption is nearly always false.
If you think I exaggerate, you are obviously not familiar with Stigler's Law of Eponymy. This law, which in its simplest form states that "no scientific discovery is named after its original discoverer," was so dubbed by Stephen Stigler in his recent book Statistics on the Table (Harvard). An immodest act of nomenclature? Not really. If Stigler's law is true, its very name implies that Stigler himself did not discover it. By explaining that the credit belongs instead to the great sociologist of science Robert K. Merton, Stigler not only wins marks for humility; he makes the law to which he has lent his name selfconfirming.  The url for the whole piece is http://www.linguafranca.com/0003/hypo.html
[Note: Robert Merton was mentioned by David Fowler in his reply of 19 March.]
Barry Cipra cipra@microassist.com
> From: Julio Gonzalez Cabillon <jgc@adinet.com.uy> > > At 03:31 p.m. 16/03/00 0500, Andrew Bowering typed: >  >  I am in my final year of a degree course in Mathematics and in need of >  big help. I have noticed the wealth of knowledge out there amongst >  you but now I need to tap into this knowledge. Firstly I need some >  examples of results which are not named after the people who derived >  them  ie  L'Hopital's rule, found by his tutor Johann Bernoulli. >  > > Mind the "Boyer's Law" in the history of mathematics: > > "Mathematical formulas and theorems are usually > not named after their original discoverers." > > Best regards, > Julio Gonzalez Cabillon



