Here is what I know about Japanese teachers (primarily at Elementary Level). They may not have "lunch duty" in the same sense since students eat lunch in their own classrooms. Kids carry foods from the kitchen and they usually take turn in serving and cleaning up. Anyway, the classroom teacher usually eats in the classroom. So, in a sense, they have lunch duty everyday.
They don't have school yard duty, probably because they don't have to worry about law suits if kids get hurt, at least not as much as school officials worry about them here. On the other hand, I notice in the US teachers take kids out to the recess at different time. One thing Stevenson and Stigler talked about in their book was the way Japanese school days are scheduled. Even at elementary level, they have 40-50 minutes period followed by 10 minutes break. They usually have 4 periods in the morning and 2 in the afternoon. Often times, the break between 2nd and 3rd periods are longer. Kids go outside and play on their own during those break time - without teachers supervising the playground. A couple of years ago, I was observing a science lesson in a Japanese elementary school. They were studying different types of soil, so the teacher sent kids outside to collect different samples. The kids went all over the school, and of course the teacher can't stay with all of them all the time. I can't imagine this being done in the US.
At middle and high school level, many teachers do become sponsors of different after-school clubs. In Japan, some activities that are regular parts of the classes here are completely extra-curricular. For example, I was in a band, and we practiced before and after school. We often practiced after school until about 6 or later. Of course, when a club is doing something, the teacher must stay on campus.
The Japanese teachers may not have to participate in different fund-raising type activities as much. But, sometimes if the clubs they are sponsoring some big trip, they do participate in such activities. More often than not, though, those activities seem to be led and coordinated by parents.
Well, my point is that Japanese teachers don't have it completely made as some here may expect. They are definietly more highly regarded from the rest of the society than the teachers in the US. That's a big difference.
As far as paying dues themselves, I have no idea what other professions do. But, is it such a big deal? I pay my own memberships to several groups that *I* am interested in being part of. I don't know why my employer should pay those membership fees. Maybe it is different for college level people???
Tad Watanabe Towson State University Towson, Maryland
On Fri, 23 Jun 1995 SCHOAFEM@SNYBUFAA.CS.SNYBUF.EDU wrote: > > I have read some of this material by Stevenson and Stigler. I notices that > their teachers (in Japan) do not seem to have lunch duty, schoolyard duty, > clubs, fish fries, candy sales, study hall, hall duty, and all the other > demeaning jobs assigned to teachers in this country. What other professionals > have to do jobs totally unrelated to their training? What other professionals > have to pay their own dues for memberships in professional organizations, > pay for subscriptions to professional publications, buy their own materials > and manipulatives? > > Eileen Schoaff > Buffalo State College >