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Topic: Benchmarks
Replies: 8   Last Post: Mar 28, 1995 3:40 PM

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Posts: 243
Registered: 12/6/04
Re: Benchmarks
Posted: Mar 28, 1995 10:17 AM
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>Maybe it depends on how the counting is done. Does the child actually
>count something (blocks, beans, etc.) while doing the oral counting? Being
>able to orally count by 2s to twenty could be rote, but might be considered
>less rote if the child has to move two items for each verbalization. I
>believe that rote counting could be considered a benchmark for this grade
>level IF done in the context of a meaningful situation. This also adheres
>to the Communication Standard which talks about "opportunities to
>communicate so that the students can model situations using oral, written,
>concrete, pictoral, graphical, and algebraic methods," and "appreciating
>the value of mathematical notation and its role in the development of
>mathematical ideas," (p. 78). I would say there was a role of numerical
>language development in rote counting as well.
>Dawn Hoyt Kidd

There's a really serious issue here, and that's the question of whether
moving away from concrete representations necessarily represents a loss of

No no and no! We use physical representations help to *develop*
understandings, and to help *check* understandings, but the understandings
themselves can't be wedded to the physical representations. What is a
meaningful situation? Sometimes it is purely mathematical, even on the
primary level. For example (on the primary level) -- what's half of 5?
Some kids will say "you can't do that, you can't have half of 5." They are
making a statement about whole numbers. Other kids will say "2 and a
half." They are making a statement about fractions. One kid is working in
one system, another kid is working in another system. Both are expressing
important mathematical understandings in an abstract context. Saying that
this discussion is only valid if they use cookies (which break in half) or
unifix cubes (which don't) is too limiting.

The interplay between physical and quasi-physical representations and
mathematical understandings is very complex.

Judy Roitman, Mathematics Department
Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66049

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