On Wed, 17 Feb 1999 21:42:46 -0600, Ted R Shoemaker <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
> At least two words in the German language translate the English word > "number": Zahl and Nummer. Can someone please tell me what is the > distinction between them?
Number in the abstract sense is "Zahl"
real/complex number : reelle/komplexe Zahl
"Nummer" would be a barbarism in this context.
and if you would translate
perfect number -> perfekte Nummer
you would earn storms of laughter because because the word "Nummer" has some secondary meanings. One of them could be translated to english prose by a four-letter-word which begins with 'f' and ends with 'k'...
If you assign numbers (usually integers) to objects - i.e. whenever you would use the # character as an abbreviation for "number", you have to refer to these numbers as "Nummer" and "Zahl" would be incorrect.
room number : Zimmernummer line number : Zeilennummer
If you would use "number" in the sense of "count,number of elements of a set" you would have to use the word "Anzahl"
An odd number of students : Eine gerade _Anzahl_ von Studenten