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Topic: [HM] question about term "normal"
Replies: 13   Last Post: Dec 7, 2006 4:19 PM

 Messages: [ Previous | Next ]
 William C Waterhouse Posts: 655 Registered: 12/3/04
Re: [HM] Cauchy
Posted: Nov 22, 2006 4:06 PM

On Tue, 14 Nov 2006, Gunnar Berg <gunnar@math.uu.se>

>
> Dear all.
> In perusing Cauchys "Cours d'analyse" (1821) I have come across the
> following (p.35):
>
> "Enfin, lorsqu'un fonction f(x) cesse d'etre continue dans le voisinage
> d'une valeur particuliere de la variable x, on dit qu'elle devient
> alors discontinue, et qu'il y a pour cette valeur particuliere
> solution de continuite."
>
> What puzzles me is the last phrase - "solution de continuite" -
> I simply cannot make any sense of it. What can Augustin-Louis mean?

This is "solution" in the sense of "dissolution"; the specific
use here is a fixed phrase. Here's the relevant dictionary entry
from TLFi:

_Solution de continuite'_. Se'paration, division de parties d'une
chose abstraite ou concr`ete. Synon. _hiatus, rupture_.

One example cited is this:

...l'Angleterre du XXe si`ecle arrivait ainsi, sans re'volution
ni ve'ritable solution de continuite', `a donner le mod`ele
du type des de'mocracies occidentales.

The equivalent English would probably be "a break in [the] continuity."

William C. Waterhouse
Penn State

Date Subject Author
10/23/06 Tummers P (FDCW)
10/23/06 jim farned
10/23/06 Dr A W F Edwards
10/28/06 Fred Shapiro
10/23/06 William C Waterhouse
10/28/06 Fernando Q. Gouvea
11/14/06 Gunnar Berg
11/22/06 cl.marti
11/22/06 Joao Filipe Queiro
11/22/06 Jean-Luc Gautero
11/22/06 William C Waterhouse
12/7/06 Bruand Francois
12/7/06 JUHEL Alain