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Topic: Proof 0.999... is not equal to one.
Replies: 194   Last Post: Feb 16, 2017 5:56 PM

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 Virgil Posts: 7,760 Registered: 5/14/06
Re: Proof 0.999... is not equal to one.
Posted: May 31, 2007 4:29 AM

> You have defined 0.999... to be a real number without jusitification.
> I can make no such assumption. Each position within 0.999... can be
> expressed as a real number, but the totality, the very infinite nature
> of it, seems to render it a never ending relation more than a specific
> explicit location on the real number line.

You seem to think that the real numbers derive their justification from
geometry ( the real number line?). There are at least two totally
non-geometric justifications, via Cauchy sequences of rationals or via
Dedekind cuts of the rationals, neither of which depends on geometry,
and in both of which the proof that 0.999... and 1.000... must be
interpreted as the same real number.
>
> I do agree with your statement about real numbers being a closed field
> under subtraction. Real numbers are a form of increment or metric from
> 0 is a certain sense. I do not believe the distance between 0.999...
> and 1 to be such a real number increment - it would take an infinity
> of them to equal one.

Then you are not talking about the real real numbers, which your
interpretation of 1 - 0.999... is prohibited by the Archimedean property
of the reals.

> No other real number can keep from exceeding one
> a finite number of its increment, let alone an infinity of them.
>
> You have said a > (1-(1/10^n)) for any natural number n and this is
> indeed the case. I agree that 1-(1/10^n) is a real number for any real
> number n. Therefore 1 - a will be a real number. 1 - a will also
> always be less than 0.999... for any paricular real number n.
> Therefore, the needed subtraction to obtain 0.999... from one, should
> a relation exist, may not itself be a real number.

So suddenly, the reals are not closed under subtraction?
That is another property impossible in the standard real number system.
>
> The fact that 0.999... is or is not a real number is of little concern
> to my proof - it makes no assumption and has no need one way or the
> other.

But it is trivially imperatively that 0.999... is real in the Cauchy
sequence model, and while somewhat less trivial, it is also imperative
in the Dedekind model.

> What it demonstrates is that if x = 0.999... then 10x - x must
> be less than 9 within the confines of multiplication upon real
> numbers.

The difference, whatever "size" it may be, must be a real number, as
both terms of the difference are, and according to you, must
simultaneously not be a real numbers.

> What the proof demonstrates is that subtraction is required
> and omitted.

it is clear by now that your proof does not hold for any standard model
of real numbers, so you must be talking about some private number
system of your own that no one else uses.

> It would not be surprising that the needed subtraction is
> not real.

Not to me.

> Real numbers simply will not allow 10x - x to be 9,

If x = 0.999... = Sum(9/10^n: n in N), the real numbers I use will not
allow it to be anything else.

they
> need it to be somehow less, whether the less-ness is describable in
> real numbers or not.

The difference between any two reals must be a real, at least if one is
to have the standard field of reals.
>
> I know this may sound like pure assertion on my part, as I am relying
> on my proof itself to make this needed subtraction clear, rather than
> re-relating my proof in form. But I would love and be interested in
> discussing ideas from the proof that are of "dubious" nature =)

Well, you have certainly presented us with one that is quite dubious
enough to go on with.

Date Subject Author
5/31/07 karl
5/31/07 karl
5/31/07 karl
5/31/07 Virgil
6/1/07 Richard Tobin
5/31/07 Glen Wheeler
5/31/07 The Ghost In The Machine
2/2/17 wolfgang.mueckenheim@hs-augsburg.de
5/31/07 Glen Wheeler
5/31/07 Glen Wheeler
5/31/07 David W. Cantrell
6/5/07 Michael Press
5/31/07 Dr. David Kirkby
5/31/07 mensanator
5/31/07 mensanator
5/31/07 Jesse F. Hughes
5/31/07 Dik T. Winter
5/31/07 Rupert
2/2/17 wolfgang.mueckenheim@hs-augsburg.de
2/2/17 JÃÂ¼rgen R.
2/2/17 abu.kuanysh05@gmail.com
5/31/07 William Hughes
5/31/07 Virgil
5/31/07 quasi
5/31/07 quasi
5/31/07 quasi
5/31/07 William Hughes
5/31/07 William Hughes
6/1/07 hagman
6/1/07 William Hughes
5/31/07 T.H. Ray
5/31/07 Jesse F. Hughes
5/31/07 T.H. Ray
5/31/07 Jesse F. Hughes
5/31/07 T.H. Ray
5/31/07 Jesse F. Hughes
5/31/07 Denis Feldmann
5/31/07 T.H. Ray
5/31/07 T.H. Ray
5/31/07 Dave Seaman
5/31/07 T.H. Ray
5/31/07 William Hughes
5/31/07 Jesse F. Hughes
6/1/07 Eric Schmidt
6/3/07 T.H. Ray
2/2/17 wolfgang.mueckenheim@hs-augsburg.de
2/2/17 wolfgang.mueckenheim@hs-augsburg.de
2/2/17 bassam king karzeddin
2/2/17 wolfgang.mueckenheim@hs-augsburg.de
2/2/17 JÃÂ¼rgen R.
5/31/07 William Hughes
5/31/07 Dave Seaman
6/1/07 Glen Wheeler
5/31/07 William Hughes
6/1/07 William Hughes
2/2/17 wolfgang.mueckenheim@hs-augsburg.de
5/31/07 Glen Wheeler
5/31/07 Marshall
6/5/07 Michael Press
5/31/07 bassam king karzeddin
5/31/07 Glen Wheeler
5/31/07 bassam king karzeddin
5/31/07 bassam king karzeddin
5/31/07 neilist
5/31/07 tommy1729
5/31/07 neilist
5/31/07 tommy1729
5/31/07 neilist
5/31/07 tommy1729
5/31/07 Dave Seaman
5/31/07 quasi
5/31/07 quasi
6/1/07 Dr. David Kirkby
6/1/07 quasi
6/1/07 hagman
5/31/07 hagman
6/1/07 Dr. David Kirkby
6/1/07 hagman
6/1/07 Eric Schmidt
6/1/07 hagman
6/2/07 hagman
5/31/07 Richard Tobin
5/31/07 mathedman@hotmail.com.CUT
5/31/07 Richard Tobin
5/31/07 William Hughes
5/31/07 Jesse F. Hughes
5/31/07 Brian Quincy Hutchings
5/31/07 Brian Quincy Hutchings
6/1/07 Richard Tobin
6/1/07 Jesse F. Hughes
6/1/07 Richard Tobin
6/1/07 Dik T. Winter
6/1/07 Jesse F. Hughes
6/1/07 Brian Quincy Hutchings
5/31/07 Dr. David Kirkby
5/31/07 quasi
5/31/07 quasi
5/31/07 quasi
6/1/07 Dr. David Kirkby
6/1/07 Virgil
6/1/07 Dr. David Kirkby
6/1/07 Dr. David Kirkby
6/1/07 Dik T. Winter
6/1/07 bassam king karzeddin
6/1/07 Dr. David Kirkby
3/22/13 John Gabriel
3/22/13 John Gabriel
6/1/07 Dr. David Kirkby
6/1/07 Denis Feldmann
2/7/13 Brian Q. Hutchings
2/8/13 JT
2/8/13 Virgil
2/8/13 JT
2/8/13 Virgil
2/8/13 Virgil
2/8/13 JT
2/8/13 Virgil
2/21/13 John Gabriel
6/1/07 JEMebius
6/1/07 bassam king karzeddin
2/2/17 bassam king karzeddin
6/1/07 mike3
9/26/07 JEMebius
9/26/07 mike3
9/27/07 Brian Quincy Hutchings
6/2/07 OwlHoot
6/3/07 jsavard@ecn.ab.ca
6/5/07 zuhair
6/10/07 Brian Quincy Hutchings
2/2/17 wolfgang.mueckenheim@hs-augsburg.de
2/2/17 JÃÂ¼rgen R.
2/2/17 Robin Chapman
2/2/17 JÃÂ¼rgen R.
2/2/17 R.J.Chapman
2/2/17 JÃÂ¼rgen R.
2/2/17 JÃÂ¼rgen R.
2/3/17 R.J.Chapman
2/8/17 George Cornelius
2/8/17 abu.kuanysh05@gmail.com
2/13/17 Dan Christensen
2/13/17 bassam king karzeddin
2/13/17 bursejan@gmail.com
2/15/17 William Hughes
2/15/17 netzweltler
2/15/17 William Hughes
2/15/17 William Hughes
2/15/17 netzweltler
2/15/17 William Hughes
2/15/17 netzweltler
2/15/17 Peter Percival
2/16/17 bassam king karzeddin
2/16/17 Peter Percival
2/15/17 William Hughes