
Re: Ariadne's thread
Posted:
Nov 19, 2011 4:17 AM


The origin of the name Minos was MiNuThe, given in Hierogylphic Minoan and Linear A and Linear B as head of a bull for Mi, as visual pun of a bull leaper on the feet hands feet for Nu, and as tree of life for The. A beautiful fresco shows a bull leaper on the animal, above and below the scene two rows of 16 scales each, together 32 scales that go along with an early definition of the lunar year or lunation or synodic month. 15 and 17 lunations counted in the 30 29 30 29 30 29 30 ... mode yield 443 and 502 days respectively, together 945 days for 32 lunations. A lunisolar calendar based on these numbers was encoded by a rosette of eight petals with a small circle in the center on beautiful Kamares ware and on the Phaistos Disc, as a rosette of eight petals or a star of eight points in Sumer, and as a star of eight points in all of Mesopotamia, in cuneiform signs abbreviated to a cross with an indication that one has to double and turn the cross in order to get a star of eight points. I call these signs emblems of the dingir calendar The dingir calendar combines a short and a long cycle. In the short cycle, each petal or point represents a long month of 45 days, all petals or points 360 days, the small circle in the center of the rosette or the center of the star 5 more days, in all a year of 365 days. In the long cycle, each petal or rosette represents a year of 365 days, all petals or points 2920 days, the small circle in the center or the center of the star 2 more days, in all a long dingir cycle of 2922 days, rounded average of 8 solar years and 99 lunar years and 5 Venus years. You can rely on the 8 solar years, while the 99 lunar years are roughly two days too long, and the 5 Venus years two days too short. A more reliable way for counting lunations was provided by the above numbers: 21 continuous periods of 45 days or 105 long weeks of 9 days are 945 days and correspond to 32 lunations, mistake less than one minute per lunation, or half a day in a lifetime.
The dingir calendar of Mesopotamia goes back to the Göbekli Tepe calendar whose basic numbers are these. A month had 30 days, a year 12 months plus 5 and occasionally 6 more days (three days of midsummer, two and occasionally three days of midwinter), while 63 continuous periods of 30 days are 1890 days and correspond to 64 lunations.
The Egyptian Horus eye  lunar eye of the Horus falcon  implies the same definition. It is composed of six elements whose numerical values are 1/2 and 1/4 and 1/8 and 1/16 and 1/32 and 1/64, or simply '2 '4 '8 '16 '32 '64. Multiply an Egyptian month of 30 days by the series of the Horus eye and you obtain one lunation of 29 '2 '32 days, or 29 days 12 hours 45 minutes (modern average from 1989 AD 29 days 12 hours 44 minutes 2.9 seconds).
Cyrus H. Gordon and Walther Hinz identified MiNuThe with Ebla in northern Syria, called minutium by the Eblaites already in around 2 200 BC, Ugaritic mnt, and Minnit in the Bible (Ezekiel 27:17). We may assume that the Minoans came from Ebla, where also a Minotaur was known. They would have brought the Göbekli Tepe calendar and the dingir calendar with them, and would have developed them further at Knossos and Mallia.
Next time: a comment on the Maya calendar

