Dr. Jai Maharaj posted: > > Dictionary traces maths concepts to Vedas > > By Jhimli Mukherjee Pandey, TNN > The Times of India > August 30, 2012 > > Kolkata: For eight years, a few mathematics and Sanskrit > scholars of the Calcutta University have been working on > a mammoth project. They have been trying to establish a > tall claim that at least 5,000 basic and advanced modern > mathematical concepts have their roots in Sanskrit and > most of these have Vedic antecedents. > > At the end of this painstaking research, the first kosa > or dictionary of Sanskrit to English mathematical terms > is ready and there are four more to follow. This central > government project is being touted as the first of its > kind in the world as never before have the Indian > etymology of so many modern technical terms been so > radically established. > > The project was given to these scholars by the Rashtriya > Sanskrit Sansthan, a wing of the ministry of human > resources development, through the city-based Sanskrit > Sahitya Parishat. The chief investigators of the project > are retired faculty members of Jadavpur and Calcutta > universities, Manabendu Banerjee and Pradip Kumar > Majumdar, respectively. > > While the world gives credit to India for invention of > the concept of 'zero', not much else in modern maths is > attributed to this country. "Also, while it is generally > believed that it was the fifth century AD mathematician > Aryabhatta who invented zero, we have been able to > establish in our project that zero or ananta was a > concept as old as the Rig Veda. Similarly, eka or number > one also has roots in this Veda," explained Majumdar. > > All branches of mathematics are well represented in the > Vedas, Aranyakas, Brahminical literature, Upanishads, > Panini's Ashtadhyayi and Yaska's Nirukto, the dictionary > explains. It goes on to prove that most solutions that > can be arrived through algebra, geometry and trigonometry > have Sanskrit roots. Thus, what the world knows as > Pythagoras' theorem existed in the Sulbasutras provided > in the manuscripts of Boudhayan, Apostombo, Manaba and > Katyayan. A large number of formulae developed thousands > of years ago, which lead to the same assumption as modern > theorems, have been provided in the dictionary, with > their places of occurrence in Indian punthis. > > "Take the case of Euclid's concepts, on which modern > geometry is based. You will find that all of today's > geometric shapes and angles were present in the way the > yajnabedis or the holy sacrificial fires were erected. > Each design had a typical astronomical or cosmic meaning > to it and a specific purpose for which the yajna was to > be conducted," explained Banerjee, who is also the former > vice-president of Asiatic Society. The dictionary is > replete with the designs of these yajnabedis and go on to > explain their modern geometrical equivalents. The > additional benefit is that the ancient custom and belief > system surrounding these bedis have also been explained > in the dictionary. It says that the origin of most of > these designs can be found in Vedanga Jyotish of 12th > century BC. > > Similarly, what the world associates with trigonometry > today can be found in the ancient Indian texts. Take one > of the most common formulae in Trigonometry - sin 2A = 2 > sin A cos A. The dictionary explains that you can find > such formulae that are used to measure area or height in > the manuscripts of not one but several scholars of > ancient India. The term jyotpotti (trigonometry) and the > integral formulae therein can be traced back to > Aryabhatta in his Siddhantasiromani, in the 12th century > manuscripts of Bhaskaracharya II, in the 7th century > Brahmasputasiddhanta of Brahma Gupta and in the 16th > century Siddhantatattobibek of Kamalakar, the dictionary > says. > > More at: > > http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-08-30/kolkata/33498839_1_dictionary-concepts-rashtriya-sanskrit-sansthan
Highly Exciting. Let this be done with all out efforts. Let this be done please.