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Topic: definition of closure in topological space question
Replies: 11   Last Post: Nov 20, 2012 3:46 PM

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 David Hartley Posts: 463 Registered: 12/13/04
Re: definition of closure in topological space question
Posted: Nov 17, 2012 11:05 PM

In message <Pine.NEB.4.64.1211171822240.21847@panix1.panix.com>, William
Elliot <marsh@panix.com> writes

...
>> > > 2. cl(A) is the intersection of all neighborhoods containing A, where
>> > > a neighborhood is any set containing an open set (an element of the
>> > > topology).

...
>OP is neither confused nor incorrect about 2. As he indicated, it's a
>metric space definition and in fact, in any metric space, 1 and 2 are
>equivalent.

If A is open then it is a neighbourhood containing A, and so under 2,
cl(A) = A.

That is not equivalent to the usual definition in any space which has an
open set which is not closed. In particular, it is only equivalent in a
T1 space if it is discrete.

Make it *closed* neighbourhoods of A in 2 and then it's equivalent to
usual closure in T1 normal spaces, even regular spaces. (Probably it's
equivalent if and only if the space is regular.)

--
David Hartley

Date Subject Author
11/17/12 Achimota
11/17/12 William Elliot
11/17/12 Frederick Williams
11/17/12 William Elliot
11/17/12 David Hartley
11/18/12 William Elliot
11/18/12 David Hartley
11/18/12 William Elliot
11/19/12 David Hartley
11/19/12 William Elliot
11/20/12 Dan
11/20/12 Achimota