Rotwang
Posts:
1,679
From:
Swansea
Registered:
7/26/06


Re: Integral test
Posted:
Dec 11, 2012 12:47 PM


On 11/12/2012 00:57, Rotwang wrote: > On 10/12/2012 21:05, José Carlos Santos wrote: >> Hi all, >> >> One of my students asked me today a question that I was unable to >> answer. Let _f_ be an analytical function from (0,+oo) into [1,+oo) and >> suppose that the integral of _f_ from 1 to +oo converges. Does it follow >> that the series sum_n f(n) converges? I don't think so, but I was unable >> to find a counterexample. Any ideas? > > (I'm assuming you mean [0, +oo) instead of [1, +oo).) > > Here's a proposal for constructing a counterexample; I don't know enough > analysis to be able to say whether the resulting function is analytic, > but it seems plausible.
Sorry, this didn't work on account of my stupidity. Here's a (hopefully) corrected version:
Let m(x) be an increasing analytic function from (1, +oo) to [1, +oo), and consider
f(x) = (cos(2*pi*x)/2 + 1/2)^m(x + 1)
so that f(n) = 1 for all n in N+. The integral from n  1/2 to n + 1/2 of f(x) satisfies
int_{n  1/2}^{n + 1/2} f(x) dx <= int_{n  1/2}^{n + 1/2} (cos(2*pi*x)/2 + 1/2)^m(n) dx = int_0^1 sin(pi*x)^{2*m(n}} dx
Let delta(n) be such that sin(pi*(1/2 +/ delta))^{2*m(n)} = cos(pi*delta)^{2*m(n)} = 1/2^n. The above integral can be split into the part with 1/2  delta < x < 1/2 + delta, where the integrand is <= 1, and the remaining part where the integrand is <= 1/2^n. Hence
int_{n  1/2}^{n + 1/2} f(x) dx <= 1/2^n + 2*delta.
If we can choose m such that delta(n) <= 1/2^n, then f will be integrable. Equality holds if m is given by
m(x) = x*log(2)/(2*log(cos(pi/2^x))).
Since f is a nonincreasing function of m, any m larger than the above will do; we can take
m(x) = x*log(2)/(2*log(cos(pi/2^{x + c})))
where c > 0 is chosen to make m(x) analytic near x = 1.
 I have made a thing that superficially resembles music:
http://soundcloud.com/eroneity/weberatedourowncrapiness

