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Topic: when are photons polarized Chapt15.34 explaining Superconductivity
from Maxwell Equations #1138 New Physics #1258 ATOM TOTALITY 5th ed

Replies: 5   Last Post: Jan 6, 2013 3:55 AM

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plutonium.archimedes@gmail.com

Posts: 9,377
Registered: 3/31/08
when are photons polarized Chapt15.34 explaining Superconductivity
from Maxwell Equations #1138 New Physics #1258 ATOM TOTALITY 5th ed

Posted: Jan 6, 2013 2:47 AM
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Now I need to track down Polarization at its most basic and
fundamental origin. I need to know how polarized light becomes
unpolarized and how unpolarized light becomes polarized in an atom or
collection of atoms or molecules.

Now when a photon, a single photon comes out of an atom of radium, it
must be polarized since it is a single photon. So when does that
polarized photon become unpolarized?

Now in successive emissions of photons from a radium atom, are all
those photons polarized in the same plane?

Now are all spectral line emissions polarized photons over a span of
time?

You see, the topic I am discussing seems to be never discussed nor
taught in physics classrooms or physics texts. The teachers and
authors presume the student knows the answers, but that is a poor and
failing assumption. It may be the case that a radium atom emits a
photon a single photon in time t1 which is polarized but in time t2, a
short while later emitting another photon but not polarized with the
photon of t1. This is an example of an assumption that physics
classrooms and teachers burden their students. They do not explain
when photons are polarized and unpolarized and how they move from one
form into the other form.

They expect students to think that a large volume of photons is
unpolarized, simply because there are a large volume such as from the
Sun or a light bulb. But what about the photons from radium atoms
glowing blue or from radon glowing yellow or as frozen radon glowing
red.

So physics education has done a poor job explaining how polarized
light comes into existence and when it turns into unpolarized.

Now Halliday and Resnick in 3rd edition, Fundamentals of Physics,
1988, on page 855 do discuss some of the aspects of polarization when
they say this:
"The polarizing direction of the sheet is established during the
manufacturing process by embedding certain long-chain molecules in a
flexible plastic sheet and then stretching the sheet so that the
molecules are aligned parallel to each other. Such a sheet absorbs
radiation polarized in a direction parallel to the long molecules;
radiation perpendicular to them passes through."

But many questions remain in the creation or origin of polarized
light. Does the sheet of atoms/molecules absorb each incoming
unpolarized photon and re-emit the photon as polarized? So does the
photon spend some transformative time inside a atom? Does a photon
spend time with an electron in an atom to become polarized from
unpolarized?

So modern day physics really skips over the essentials of polarization
and presumes the students and teachers know it all, yet none of them
know much if anything.

So that superconductivity is Ohm's law V = iR
and if we replace R, resistance with Malus law
of I' = I" cos^2A, that we realize how and why superconductivity takes
place, but then we have to know the basic origins of when a photon is
polarized and unpolarized. For unpolarized causes heat in the
electrical conduction and thus resistance. So we have to know how a
photon and electron and proton interact with one another creating
polarized photons or transforming photons. And we can never get to the
basic understanding if we all sit around pretending and presuming we
know it.

Now if the above is correct about what Halliday and Resnick wrote,
then is it the explanation for why mercury superconducts at about 4
Kelvin when silver has never superconducted no matter how close to 0
Kelvin we have reached? So is mercury somehow more amenable to being
sheets of atoms stretched in a long chain within those sheets, whereas
silver is not able to be that configuration? But at room temperature
silver is the best normal conductor, for it is the best reflective-
polarizer at room temperature.

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Archimedes Plutonium
http://www.iw.net/~a_plutonium
whole entire Universe is just one big atom
where dots of the electron-dot-cloud are galaxies



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