On Feb 1, 5:15 pm, "Tim Golden BandTech.com" <timgol...@bandtechnology.com> wrote: > When we perceive physical space as three dimensional we do so in a Euclidean sense, which treats the point position as fundamental. It is satisfactory to most that a system of three continuous numerical values is sufficient to address physical space; typically (x,y,z) coordinates where x,y, and z are real values orthogonally oriented to one another. > > If we regard the region or the object as fundamental rather than the point then we expose more dimensions, for the object or region may be reoriented within the physical space: it can be rotated. We generally understand there to be two additional degrees of freedom within this approach, but this additional information comes somewhat structured, since these will be angles, whereas typically the former will be (x,y,z) coordinates. > > Under this analysis ordinary physical space takes more dimensions to fully declare the freedoms of a very small object or region of space. But these dimensions are not homogeneous. They are structured. > > This sits very closely to the relative reference frame, for by exposing the objects rotational freedoms we are essentially declaring a reference frame for it. The qualities of the fundamental object matter here. For instance an electron is regarded as fundamental, and lo and behold it has a spin characteristic, which is partially consistent with this analysis. > > I feel comfortable stating that physical space in not three dimensional, and regard the common view as a Euclidean interpretation. That way of thinking is a black and white representation. It is good to start with, but easily attacked as incomplete. This applies to the interpretation of the point particle. > > - Tim
Dimensions and string theory. ==. " What does a physical particle look like?" My answer is that they look like strings. But I have to admit that strings are still concepts in the regime of metaphysics.. . . . So string theory IS my religion. / Richard Ruquist / ====. I cannot believe in string theory as a religion. Why? Because: 1 Book ? The trouble with Physics? / by Lee Smolin / Part 8. The first superstring revolution. Page 126 ? 127. ?. . . the growing catalog of string theories meant that we weren?t actually studying a fundamental theory.? . . . ? . . . but the many versions of string theory opened up the possibility that it was true of essentially all the properties of the elementary particles and forces. This would mean that properties of the elementary particles were environmental and could change in time. If so, it would mean that physics would be more like biology, in that the properties of the elementary particles would depend on the history of our universe. ? # ? . . . at least one big idea is missing. How do we find that missing idea?? / Page 308. Lee Smolin. /
2 String theory . . . . ? Type IIA strings as one-dimensional objects, having only lengths but no thickness, . . . . . ?
/ page 311. Book: The elegant Universe. By Brian Greene /
3. We don't know what we are talking about" / - Nobel laureate David Gross referring to the current state of string theory ./
4. How did the idea of many dimensions arise? ==.. It began in 1907 when Minkowski tried to understand SRT and invented 4-D negative spacetime continuum Nobody knows what Minkowski 4-D really is. #. Poor young Einstein, reading Minkowski interpretation, said that now he couldn?t understand his own theory. Th. Kaluza agreed with Einstein and in 1921 tried to explain SRT using 5D space. This theory was tested and found insufficient. "Well", said physicists and mathematicians, " maybe 6D, 7D, 8D, 9D, 11D or 27D spaces will explain it". And they had done it. But???. But there is one problem. To create new D space, they must add a new parameter. Because it is impossible to create new D space without a new force, a new parameter. And they take this parameter arbitrarily ( it fixed according to they opinion, not by objective rules). The physicist R. Lipin explained this situation in such way: "Give me three parameters and I can fit an elephant. With four I can make him wiggle his trunk?" To this Lipin?s opinion it is possible to add: "with one more parameter the elephant will fly." The mathematicians sell and we buy these theories. Where are our brains? Where is the logic? # If we don't know what 1+1 = 2 how can we know what 5+4 = 9 ? And if we don't know what is negative Mincowski 4-D how can we understand 11-D, 27-D and string theory ? =========. If I were a king, I would publish a law: every physicist who takes part in the creation of 4D space and higher must be awarded a medal "To the winner over common sense" because they have won us using the abstract ideas of Minkowski and Kaluza. ==. Best wishes. Israel Sadovnik Socratus. =.