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Re: Dark Energy Solved!
Posted:
Jul 27, 2013 10:04 PM


"Jack Martinelli" <jack42martinelli@gmail.com> wrote in message news:899267fd54624b59a51c87e31fb34169@googlegroups.com...
Snipped long, poorly formatted post.
Regarding "Jack Martinelli" "abstract units".
abstract  Considered apart from concrete existence: an abstract concept.
The units of physics are REAL.
Physics units are quanta of ACTION associated with a REAL, widely accepted source of ACTION quanta.
In 1896 Wilhelm Wien determined a distribution law of blackbody radiation which Max Planck, a colleague of Wien's, forked into Planck's Constant.
Planck determined the constant [Planck's Constant] that must be used to express quanta in terms of angular momentum.
Although events occur in quarter cycle ANGULAR DISPLACEMENT steps,
rather than whole cycle steps, it is conventional to treat, as Planck did, a quantum of ACTION as ONE CYCLE,
as people and instruments tend to COUNT quanta in terms of cycles, rather than quarter cycles separated by peaks and valleys.
1. The most fundamental physical property is angular displacement.
2. Quantum changes occur when systems exchange angular displacement.
( You can add or take away [quarter] cycles from a pendulum or oscillating system. )
3. The most fundamental quanta of change is best modeled by "i' ( The square root of minus one. ) which expresses both the magnitude and the direction of a quantum event.
4. Quantum changes occur in quanta of i^n http://www.microwaves101.com/Encyclopedia/quarterwave.cfm
http://www.microwaves101.com/ENCYCLOPEDIA/smithchart.cfm
5. i^1 = a quarter cycle counterclockwise angular displacement i^2 = a half cycle counterclockwise angular displacement i^4 = one cycle counterclockwise angular displacement i^n = n quarter cycles counterclockwise angular displacement i^4n = n cycles counterclockwise angular displacement
6. The quanta units of angular displacement include: a. cycles = i^n/4 b. half cycles ( cycles * 2 ) c. Quarter cycles ( cycles * 4)
7. The real number units of angular displacement include: a. radians = ( 2 * pi * cycles ) ( Which is an angular displacement referenced to a radius unit.) b. action = Planck's Constant * i^n/4 ( Which is an angular displacement referenced to an energy unit.)
8. Angular displacements are measured using an external,REAL, [NOT abstract] standard frequency source.
Since 1967, the International System of Units (SI) has defined the second as the duration of 9192631770 cycles of radiation corresponding to the transition between two energy levels of the caesium133 atom.
In other words, although i^n is the most fundamental quanta of change, in order to measure it, it must be referenced to a REAL external source, and at the present time, that reference is the angular displacement of an energy level transition of the caesium133 atom.
9. The Potter Equation x = e^(i^n * m*pi) = e^((i^n)^2 * k)
expands the static "Euler Identity" equation (e^(i*pi) + 1 = 0) http://www.songho.ca/math/euler/euler.html
to express how change occurs. and is the most fundamental equation of Nature.
( Note that "m" and the "k" interface quanta angular displacements to a linear space. 2*pi*r, pi*d, k = pi*n*r )
The Potter Equation which features quanta of angular displacement
is more fundamental than e = hf ( Which features Planck's quanta of action.)
and is more fundamental than e = mc^2 ( Which features Einstein's non existent quanta of energy.)
10. Change is conveyed from sources to sinks in quanta of i^n, ( Quarter wave quanta )
Planck's Constant is used with a unit reference to convert angular displacement quanta <n> to action quanta <x>.
( i^n * h = action )
And Einstein's quanta of energy is action quanta "h" affected by velocity.
11. Several other constants come into play when equating measurements based on either cycles (Quanta) or radians (Real) to reality
Cycles are bosons and many bosons can occupy a point.
( You can add or take away [quarter] cycles from a pendulum or oscillating system. )
The measured value of a batch of bosons depends upon how the measurement is made and expressed:
peak peak to peak average rms, quasipeak etc.
Observe that peak and peak to peak quantize a batch of bosons at a point in time whereas quasipeak, average and RMS quantize the batch over some time period.
11. Quanta of angular displacement tend to migrate from high temperature systems to contiguous lower temperature systems.
12. There can be any number of environments from a particular system to the universal heat sink, and COMPLEX CONJUGATION is used to align an inferior environment to the next environment.
http://search.edaboard.com/conjugate.html
 Tom Potter
http://thecloudmachine.tk http://tiny.im/390k



