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Topic: Pattern with powers
Replies: 7   Last Post: Aug 8, 2013 12:02 AM

 Messages: [ Previous | Next ]
 Alexei Boulbitch Posts: 483 Registered: 2/28/08
Re: Pattern with powers
Posted: Jul 31, 2013 4:49 AM

I must admit that I am an absolute beginner in patterns, as I cannot cope with a little problem with patterns consisting of powers of variables x and y.

Specifically, I would like to select from a list all terms of the form

c x^u y^v (numerical coefficient c times x to the power u times y to the power v)

where u and v are allowed to take the values 0 and 1.

How can I do this using Cases?

I have already accomplished the first non trivial step using _. (blank followed by a dot) in order to get first powers of the variables:

ls = List@@Expand[5 (x + y)^3]
{5*x^3, 15*x^2*y, 15*x*y^2, 5*y^3}

Example 1
a = 2; Cases[ls, (_.)*x^(u_.)*y^(v_.) /; u >= a && v < a]
gives
{15*x^2*y}
but misses the term
5*x^3

Example 2: this would be the form I would like most
Cases[ls, (_.)*x^_?(#1 >= a & )*y^_?(#1 < a & )]
gives
{}
Here even I didn't get the dot behind the blank before the test, so it misses first powers.

Thanks in advance for any help.

Best regards,
Wolfgang

Hi, Wolfgang,

Your explanation is not quite clear. Have a look:

Clear[a, u, v, b];

a = 2;
Cases[ls, (Times[_, x, Power[y, v_]] /;
v <= a) | (Times[_, Power[x, u_]] /; u >= a)]

{5 x^3, 15 x^2 y, 15 x y^2}

Is it, what you are after? Or this:

Clear[a, u, v, b];
a = 2;
Cases[ls, (Times[_, x, Power[y, v_]] /;
v < a) | (Times[_, Power[x, u_]] /; u >= a)]

{5 x^3, 15 x^2 y}

??

Have fun, Alexei

Alexei BOULBITCH, Dr., habil.
IEE S.A.
ZAE Weiergewan,
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Office phone : +352-2454-2566
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e-mail: alexei.boulbitch@iee.lu

Date Subject Author
7/30/13 Dr. Wolfgang Hintze
7/31/13 Bill Rowe
8/1/13 Dr. Wolfgang Hintze
7/31/13 Alexei Boulbitch
8/1/13 Dr. Wolfgang Hintze
8/2/13 Daniel Lichtblau
8/8/13 W. Craig Carter