On Tuesday, February 18, 2014 7:10:37 PM UTC+2, David Bernier wrote: > On 02/17/2014 03:23 PM, Ken Pledger wrote:
> I've been wondering why he doesn't seem to be called > mathematical physicist or just plain theoretical physicist. > Or I guess I'm intrigued by why they say Galileo started physics, (the > science);> and Archimedes, well , I'm not exactly sure but obviously he's > famous with mathematicians (if he was a scientist, doesn't > that make him a physicist?).
Archimedes was a mathematician and scientist. The greatest of all time. His chapter on floating bodies in The Works of Archimedes was the beginning of fluid mechanics. It's a little known fact that Archimedes knew about "rates" involving time. He used this knowledge extensively in the development of Spiral theory.
He also knew much about astronomy (chances are he designed the Antikythera mechanism), so he can be considered a polymath, but it would be a great insult to his memory, to call him a theoretical physicist.