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Topic: Euclid's Elements Book 1 Proposition 1 - something Euclid missed?
Replies: 62   Last Post: Feb 22, 2014 12:11 AM

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 David Hartley Posts: 463 Registered: 12/13/04
Re: Euclid's Elements Book 1 Proposition 1 - something Euclid missed?
Posted: Feb 19, 2014 4:47 PM

Quirici <kquirici@yahoo.com> writes
>On Monday, February 17, 2014 6:20:09 PM UTC-5, David Hartley wrote:

...
>>I assume, from the discussions I've seen on
>>
>> the web, there are models which satisfy this but still have circles
>>
>> which don't intersect even though they "should". Further Googling would
>>
>> probably turn up an example but for now it's more fun trying to find one
>>
>> on my own.

Consider the relationship between circles and the equality of straight
lines.

A circle is defined by a collection of equal straight line segments with
one common end-point.

Two straight line segments are equal if they are radii of a common
circle, or if they are the first and last of a finite sequence of
straight line segments where each adjacent pair are radii of a common
circle.

That is all that Euclid's axioms and postulates tell us about the two
concepts. As it stands the two definitions form a closed loop and are
absolutely useless. Add in a postulate which forces certain circles to
intersect and suddenly you have a powerful technique for constructing
equal straight lines and the whole wonderful system becomes possible.

The following system models this. Take the standard model, keep the
straight lines and points but define two line segments to be equal iff
they are identical. Each circle has exactly one point on its
circumferences, no two distinct straight line segments have the same
length, but all the postulates are satisfied.

Pasch's axiom is also obeyed, as will be many of the other implicit
axioms that have been spotted over the centuries - as long as they don't
involve circles or length, (e.g. order properties). Yet proposition 1
fails completely, there are no equilateral triangles.

So that answers the original question. You can't prove, from Euclid's
original axioms and postulates, that two circles which share a radius
must intersect, even if you add Pasch's axiom.

--
David Hartley

Date Subject Author
2/14/14 ken quirici
2/14/14 ross.finlayson@gmail.com
2/15/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/15/14 bert
2/15/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/16/14 ross.finlayson@gmail.com
2/16/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/15/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/15/14 Brian Q. Hutchings
2/15/14 ken quirici
2/15/14 FredJeffries@gmail.com
2/15/14 ken quirici
2/15/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/16/14 ken quirici
2/16/14 ken quirici
2/16/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/17/14 ken quirici
2/17/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/17/14 ken quirici
2/17/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/17/14 ken quirici
2/17/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/17/14 ken quirici
2/17/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/17/14 YBM
2/18/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/17/14 David Hartley
2/17/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/17/14 ken quirici
2/17/14 David Hartley
2/17/14 ken quirici
2/19/14 David Hartley
2/20/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/17/14 ross.finlayson@gmail.com
2/18/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/17/14 ken quirici
2/17/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/17/14 Brian Q. Hutchings
2/17/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/17/14 Ken.Pledger@vuw.ac.nz
2/17/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/18/14 David Bernier
2/18/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/18/14 Ken.Pledger@vuw.ac.nz
2/18/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/18/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/18/14 ken quirici
2/18/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/18/14 Wizard-Of-Oz
2/18/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/18/14 Wizard-Of-Oz
2/19/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/19/14 Wizard-Of-Oz
2/19/14 Brian Q. Hutchings
2/18/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/18/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/18/14 ken quirici
2/18/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/18/14 Brian Q. Hutchings
2/18/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com
2/18/14 Brian Q. Hutchings
2/20/14 Brian Q. Hutchings
2/22/14 thenewcalculus@gmail.com