Kirby says: >Lets define two modes of learning: recall and recog (short for recognition).
As you described (defined) these, they also sounded a lot like performance versus appreciation to me. Appreciation, for many people means more than just the superficial, but coming to understand more deeply what makes stuff work. Connecting the dots as you say.
Kirby: >One reason people hate math pedagogy, which they hate more than math ...
Its unusual to find people who say they hate music, (though I hate the music I hear unwilling in public spaces more and more) but its not that hard to find people who say they hated piano lessons.
So, you basically put forth an interesting remedy in the rest of your post. More recog (appreciation, background, dot connecting...) Do you think that could also make people more successful as say, learning a musical instrument?
At our local high school we had, until recently, a real Mr. Holland type music teacher, who had over half the student population signed up for some musical activity, usually more than one. The kids usually never even said *he* was their favorite teacher (I asked many,) but there they were, being at least moderately successful in droves.
I don't know what he considered his secret, but next time I see him I will ask.