Date: Jan 7, 2013 12:36 AM
Author: Andrzej Kozlowski
Subject: Re: Precision

On 5 Jan 2013, at 08:19, Rob Ryan <tio540s1@gmail.com> wrote:

> My frustration is growing. I simply want to add (for example):

> 103971.66+52282.64+2998.27. These are dollars and cents and I'd like to keep the cents. But when I input that line, I get 159923. When I input: N[(103971.66+52282.64+2998.27),20] I STILL get 159923. What do I do to get 159952.57? I've used "SetPrecision", etc. with still no result.

> I note that when I type 103971.66 and hit shift-return, the output is 103972. If I then type "InputForm[%]" I get 103971.66.

>

> There simply has to be an easy way to add these numbers - any calculator watch can do it!

In this case you can simply use NumberForm:

NumberForm[103971.66 + 52282.64 + 2998.27, 8]

159252.57

However, this approach will not always work (to understand why you have to first understand that Mathematica's approximate reals are not what you probably think they are)

A much more reliable way is to do such computations using exact numbers. This will never give you a wrong answer:

QuotientRemainder[10397166 + 5228264 + 299827, 100]

{159252, 57}

If you don't like this, you would be better off using a calculator watch.

Andrzej Kozlowski