```Date: Jan 27, 2013 5:30 AM
Author: plutonium.archimedes@gmail.com
Subject: can photons behave like electrons in AC current Chapt15.34 explaining<br> Superconductivity from Maxwell Equations #1179 New Physics #1299 ATOM<br> TOTALITY 5th ed

Of the top ten toughest challenges of science that I have had towrestle with, superconductivity is certainly among those top ten.The last few days, I have hunted down some facts.I wanted to see how close the displacement current magnitude was tothe resistivity of silver and mercury. I was playing the idea thatzero resistance for mercury at 4 K is due to applied current + selfinduced current from the temperature gradient.A typical displacement current is about 130mA as seen from a problemset in Halliday & Resnick, page837, of Fundamentals of Physics, 1988.I looked up what Onnes in 1911 used as a current for hissuperconductivity of mercury and he used a 0.6 A magnetic inducedcurrent.I did some checking around and that superconductivity for zeroresistance must be DC current and cannot be AC current. Again, mycomplaint is that I cannot solve superconductivity, unless I know theproper truthful facts. So much of the literature is obfuscation of thetrue properties of superconductivity.So I am dismissing the idea that I need an extra current, a selfinduced current involving dB/dK.What I end up with is where I started with the Ohm's law and a Maluslaw replacement of the R term in Ohm's law.In other words, I now am more confident than before that this formulasolves superconductivity:V = i*R (Ohm's lawI' = I" cos^2(A)  (Malus law)Replacing R with Malus law and we have:V = i * (I" cos^2(A))Now, let me play some more around the concept of voltage.If we look up AC current and find out the difference between it and DCcurrent, we find it simply means the charge carriers move back andforth in AC, and move in only forward direction in DC. Now thatunderstanding gives us a major clue as to what the role of photons arein electricity. The photons are what signals all the charge carriersin the wire circuit to move forward and then to move backward. It mustbe photons because the speed of AC and DC are the same speed ofelectricity-- the speed of light.So the photons are responsible for the AC current as the messengers.And thus Malus law applies. And thus, since the Malus law applies, theMalus law causes some photons to be lost and thus resistivity occurs.If the wire circuit is polarized with a cosine of 0 degrees, then allthe photons get through to tell the electrons to move and thus 0resistance.So a superconductor is a polarizer of 0 degrees.Now let me also remark about Voltage in physics. Because if thephotons are the messengers that tell electrons to move forward or movebackwards at the speed of light, then AC current is pretty much whatvoltage is. For if a electron at the junction of the AC circuit, theend of the circuit, then the electron is at one moment in time movingforward and then the next moment moving backwards is the same as emf,or electromotive force or voltage.And that idea agrees with Ohm's law:V= i*Rfor we have this:speed of light = electron speed * resistanceor we have this:speed of light/ speed of electron = resistanceAnd we all know that electrons can travel up to 90% or even 99% of thespeed of light (never at 100% but very close to it).So what I am discovering is that voltage is really a term that meansphotons moving at the speed of light that creates a potentialdifference in the electric circuit.In summary, I am back with the idea that superconductivity is merelythe Malus law in the Ohm's law and that superconductivity is really avery simpleand not complex phenomenon.--Google's archives are top-heavy in hate-spew from search-engine-bombing. Only Drexel's Math Forum has done a excellent, simple andfair archiving of AP posts for the past 15 years as seen here:http://mathforum.org/kb/profile.jspa?userID=499986Archimedes Plutoniumhttp://www.iw.net/~a_plutoniumwhole entire Universe is just one big atomwhere dots of the electron-dot-cloud are galaxies
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