Date: Feb 28, 2013 1:44 PM
Author: David Petry
Subject: Re: Deformable platonic "solids"
On Thursday, February 28, 2013 4:48:04 AM UTC-8, Richard Tobin wrote:

> In article <511e7643-79fb-4418-9108-16b317c87dff@googlegroups.com>,

> david petry <david_lawrence_petry@yahoo.com> wrote:

> >Any line segment joining two points reduces the

> >total number of degrees of freedom of the system of points and line

> >segments by one.

> Not in general. Consider a deformable solid with a square face.

> Joining two opposite corners will make that square rigid. Joining

> the other two will have no further effect, while adding a line

> somewhere else in the solid may.

Yes, of course, if the degrees of freedom are already minimal, they can't be reduced further. But the answer I gave does show us how to answer the original question.

"THEOREM" If a platonic solid has V vertices and E edges, then it will be rigid in the sense of Frederick Williams if and only if 3V - E = 6.

Examples

Tetrahedron: V = 4, E = 6, 3V-E = 6 (rigid)

Octahedron: V = 6, E = 12, 3V-E = 6 (rigid)

Cube: V = 8, E = 12, 3V-E = 12 (not rigid)

Dodecahedron: V = 20, E = 30 3V-E = 30 (not rigid)

Icosahedron: V = 12, E = 30, 3V-E = 6 (rigid)