Date: Mar 12, 2013 9:06 PM
Author: Math Guy
Subject: Calculating the area of a closed 3-D path or ring

Looking for some thoughts about how to understand this problem.

A closed loop (an irregular ring) is defined by a set of n points in

Each point has an (x,y,z) coordinate. The points are not co-planar.
Typically, this ring would approximate the perimeter of a horse saddle,
or a potato chip. The number of points (n) is typically from 6 to 12
(usually 9) but will never be more than 16.

The way I see it, there are two ways to understand the concept of the
area of this ring.

a) if a membrane was stretched across the ring, what would the area of
the membrane be? Think of the membrane as a film of soap - which
because of suface tension would conform itself to the smallest possible
surface area. This would be Area A.

b) if the ring represented an aperture through which some material (gas,
fluid) must pass, or the flux of some field (electric, etc). This would
be Area B.

I theorize that because the points that define this ring are not
co-planar, that Area A would not be equal to Area B.

I am looking for a numerical-methods formula or algorythm to calculate
the "area" of such a ring, and because I believe there are two different
areas that can be imagined, there must be two different formulas or
algorythms, and thus I'm looking for both of them.

If I am wrong, and there is only one "area" that can result from such a
ring, then I am looking for that formula.

I can imagine that summing the area of individual non-over-lapping
triangles will give me "an area". Given 9 perimeter points it is
possible to arrange more than one set of non-over-lapping triangles,
with each set giving it's own total area - but which one is the
"correct" one if they give different results?