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Topic: Woman receives AMS Centennial Fellowship
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Jerry P. Becker

Posts: 13,815
Registered: 12/3/04
Woman receives AMS Centennial Fellowship
Posted: Jun 30, 2013 12:55 PM
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From INQUIRY [News from the University of Chicago/Physical Sciences
Division], Spring-Summer 2013, p. 4. See
http://psd.uchicago.edu/newsletter/Inquiry%20SpringSummer2013.pdf
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A special group

Karin Melnick's scholarship has earned her an AMS Centennial Fellowship.

By Jeanie Chung

Karin Melnick, PhD'06, an assistant professor at the University of
Maryland, received the 2012 American Mathematical Society's
Centennial Fellowship, presented annually to outstanding early-career
mathematicians. The monetary award, given primarily for excellence in
research, allowed Melnick to return to Hyde Park this spring to
advance her work in differential geometry and dynamical systems.

How have you spent your time on the fellowship?

I divided it into two semesters over two years. I didn't want to take
a whole year off, and we're shorthanded for professors in my
department. I came here to focus on a project with Tullia Dymarz,
PhD'07, at the University of Wisconsin, and David Fisher, PhD'99, at
Indiana University.

We're studying delta hyperbolic groups, which are like discrete
versions of hyperbolic space. Hyperbolic space is negatively curved;
it's a non-Euclidean geometry. There is a nice, contracting dynamical
system coming from the geometry of the delta hyperbolic group. From
this dynamical system, our goal is to build some additional
differential geometric structure so that in the end, we can prove a
conjecture about what the original group was. What the conjecture
asserts is what we call a rigidity statement; there are some really
special examples that are well known in mathematics. We take one of
these delta hyperbolic groups and make one seemingly minor assumption
about its boundary, and from this we try to prove that it's one of
the really special groups.

What if you conclude that it's not?

Then we haven't proven the conjecture.

My expertise is differential geometry, Tullia is a geometric-group
theorist, and David knows a lot about dynamical systems. It's fun
because we each are learning from the other and hoping to combine our
expertise.

How important is collaboration in mathematics?

I think it's a lot more common today than it was 50 years ago,
probably because it's been successful. Also, we have more ability to
travel and meet potential collaborators. Some people like to work
alone, but I think most people enjoy being social and interacting
with other people and find it energizing and inspiring. Doing math is
problem solving. You need ideas, and the more people you have, the
more ideas you're going to come up with.

You are one of only five women to receive the ams Centennial
fellowship out of 95 recipients since 1974-75. is it difficult to be
a woman in a male-dominated field?

There's a double-edged sword. We get more attention and in some cases
more opportunities. For
example, we might be invited to give talks more often because people
are making an effort to include women in their conference or their
seminar. On the other hand, there are certainly men and women who
question whether a woman, or a member of a minority group, has gotten
recognition by virtue of being in the minority. Everybody has anxiety
when they move up from being a grad student to a postdoc and from a
postdoc to starting a tenure- track job. The men I know who are
willing to talk about their insecurities have told me they also felt
anxious, but I think it's amplified if you're worrying whether other
people are looking at you and considering whether you actually
deserve to be there.

In march you presented at a UChicago colloquium cosponsored by the
association of women in mathematics. Is such a support network
something you'd encourage for future women mathematicians?

In my career, I haven't really been mentored by senior women. There
were no permanent female faculty in the math department at my college
[Reed]. There were no female [mathematics] faculty at the University
of Chicago when I was a graduate student. There were no female
[mathematics] faculty at Yale when I was a postdoc. Now I'm in a
department of 60 people that has five women on the faculty, and
before I arrived there were three.

Somehow it hasn't been crucial for me to have these sorts of female
role models or mentors, although in the cases where I have met them,
I've found it really inspiring and worthwhile. I was joking before my
colloquium lecture that as a graduate student here, I complained that
they weren't inviting enough senior women to give colloquia or
distinguished lectures, but I did not have myself in mind as a
potential speaker.
--------------------------------------
SIDEBAR PHOTO: Photo courtesy Karin Melnick
********************************************
--
Jerry P. Becker
Dept. of Curriculum & Instruction
Southern Illinois University
625 Wham Drive
Mail Code 4610
Carbondale, IL 62901-4610
Phone: (618) 453-4241 [O]
(618) 457-8903 [H]
Fax: (618) 453-4244
E-mail: jbecker@siu.edu



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