with photographs of most items. ----------------------------
It deals with the history of some concepts and discoveries:
- the Transportation Problem (deblais et remblais), where for the first time a work of Operations Research was fully displayed, by MONGE, its "inventor" (1784). Followed soon by DUPIN (1813 and 1822), and completed by APPELL (1886). - the introduction of the Theory of Functions, by EULER (Introductio, 1748), and its completion by SCHWARTZ (Distributions, 1950-1951). - the invention of Game Theory, by BOREL (1924-1938). The Minimax theorem fully demonstrated by von NEUMANN (1928), and made operative by VILLE (1938). - the installation of the calcul des variations, by LAGRANGE (1760). - on Number Theory, the first comprehensive works by EULER and LAGRANGE (1771-1773), and the Recherches d'analyse indeterminees by LEGENDRE (1788), to finish with GAUSS (1807). - the first accurate measurement (Grobert 1801) of the Great Pyramid, along with a map of the city of Cairo at the time Bonaparte, Monge and Fourier were there. Also, a transcription of the Rosetta stone (Ameilhon1803). - many "academic" works, by LAPLACE. In the first place, his memoir on Generating Functions (1782). Also, his works on the stability of the solar system (1788). - The end of the Pre-Coulombian Era. In his memoir on electricity and magnetism (1788), COULOMB proves his famous law, which states that the attraction between two bodies, one charged with positive and the other with negative electricity (resp. magnetism), varies inversely as the square of the distance between them. - LAVOISIER's epoch making memoirs (1784) on analysis and synthesis of water. - and also, an AGNESI on Calculus (1775), a beautiful MONGE's Description de l'art de fabriquer les canons (1794), and the CHEVREUL's first memoir (1832) on mutual influence of colours.