In article <firstname.lastname@example.org> email@example.com (Carmen Toledo) writes:
> please post to last chapter of your PU book, I want to read it in church > tomorrow.
Alright, here are pages 323-331
current. Showed that a magnetic field rotates when two coils at 90 degree angles were supplied with alternating current of different phases (90 degrees out of phase with each other) producing a alternating-current motor. (38) In -0008, Steinmetz engineered . (39) In -0045, Roentgen discovered x-rays. (40) In -0044, Becquerel discovered radioactivity in uranium. (41) In -0043, Thomson discovered the electron of atoms. (42) In -0042, the Curies experimentally prepared radium and polonium. (43) In -0040, Planck introduced the revolutionary quantum theory of radiation with his marker h resulting from his research into blackbody radiation. (44) Around -0038, Rutherford, (45) Around -0038, Soddy a co-worker with Rutherford discovered the radioactive transmutation of elements. (46) In -0035, Einstein gave the quantum explanation for the photoelectric effect. In -0025 Einstein proposed the general theory of relativity. Later he gave the relation E ÃÂÃÂ« mc2. (47) In -0031, Millikan established the law of multiple proportions for electric charge and precisely measured the electric charge. Later Millikan verified the photoelectric equation (48) Around -0029, Geiger, (49) Around -0029, Marsden, et al, gave a nuclear model of the atom. (50) In -0029, Onnes working with temperatures close to absolute zero discovered superconductivity in mercury. (51) Around -0027, N. Bohr gave a quantum theory of spectra with an accurate spectral line formula for the energy levels of atomic hydrogen. In -0012, N. Bohr formulated the komplementar prinzip. (52) About -0025 years ago, Sommerfeld improved the Bohr atomic model by introducing elliptical orbits and relativistic effects. (53) Bose about -0016 developed statistics for quantum particles.
(54) In -0016 Debroglie proposed the wave theory of matter. (55) In -0014 Schroedinger proposed the wave equation. This wave equation was the formulation of quantum wave mechanics. (79) From -0014 and in 0049 , cold fusion by Paneth, Peters, and then electrochemical cold fusion by Tanberg and then by Fleischmannn and Pons in electrochemical cells were reported.
(56) In -0015, Pauli formulated the exclusion principle which is the basis of explaining chemistry in relation to atomic structure. (57) About -0015, Born, (58) About -0015, Heisenberg, and In -0013, Heisenberg formulated the unexaktheit prinzip (59) About -0015, Jordan formulated quantum matrix mechanics which was later combined with quantum wave mechanics to produce quantum mechanics. (60) About -0015, Uhlenbeck and Goudsmit introduced spin and magnetic moment for the electron in atomic theory. (61) Around -0012 Dirac developed special relativistic quantum mechanics producing the Dirac equation. (62) In -0009, Vandegraaff engineered high voltage electrostatic generator. (63) In -0008, Lawrence engineered the first cyclotron. (64) In -0008, Chadwick discovered the neutron. (65) Around -0007, Meissener showed that within a solid superconductor the magnetic field is everywhere zero.
(66) In -0002, Hahn irradiated uranium with neutrons to produce new elements. (67) In -0001, Bethe proposed the nuclear fusion reaction mechanism to account for stellar energy. (68) The first known human nucleosynthesis and chemical isolation and analysis of the element neptunium was produced later that year plutonium occurred 14Dec in the year 0000. No persons should be awarded for this engineering and chemical accomplishment because it was a group effort. This nucleosynthesis starts the scientific calendar. (69) In the year 0000, Petrzhak and Flerov discovered spontaneous fission (SF). Later I would reinterpret SF as connected with the strong nuclear interaction, and not the radioactivities interaction. (70) Fermi et al on 2Dec 0002 had engineered the first fission energy reactor in Chicago. Earlier, he had developed statistics for quantum particles. In -0006 Fermi had hypothesized irradiating uranium with neutrons to produce the transuranic elements. (71) Around 0007, Feynman, et al, refined QED and would further refine the superposition principle. (72) In 0024, Bell formulated an inequality theorem which made quantum mechanics testable on the large scale. Circa the 0040's, Aspect performed the experiments to confirm quantum mechanics true on the large scale. Quantum mechanics held true on the small scale but this was the first experimental test for quantum mechanics on the large scale. (73) Wigner 0008 worked on quantum symmetry group theory and was one of the early developers of nuclear power. (74) Around 00, Klitzing quantized Hall effect (75) In 0016, Alvarez cold fusion of deuterium with the negative mu-meson as a catalyst. (76) In 0025, Penzias and Wilson their detection in 1965 of low-temperature radio emissions from the entire universe. Cosmic Microwave BACKGROUND RADIATION (77) Around 0038, quantized star speeds were discovered by Tifft. (78) In 0046 superconductors of La-Ba-Cu-O a metal ceramic oxide with a transition temperature of 30K were discovered by Bednorz and Muller. (80) In the year 0050 I had formulated the atom totality and from 0050-0053 had refined the idea. The totality is one atom, specifically 231Pu. Where our observable universe is just the last one electron, the 94th in the 5f6 orbital of plutonium isotope 231Pu. A Plutonium Atom Totality turns physics, chemistry, biology and math into partial descriptions of a plutonium atom whole. Life is merely strings of atoms for the ultimate purpose of nucleosynthesizing other atoms into heavier elements. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ --------------
The early Greeks circa -2294 mainly by the scientist Democritus who tried to prove the atomic idea via math reasoning. His argument went like this. Suppose you have some particular matter in which you divide it into two parts, and then further divide one of these two parts into two more parts, and then further divide one of these parts into two more parts. Imagine many subdivisions of the original matter into parts, then you will come to a point in time where the parts are no longer divisible. You have reached an end in dividing the parts. This end part Democritus called atomos for which the a means "not" and tomos means "cut" in Greek, not cut, and from which we get the name atoms. These early Greeks I call the first physicists. Leucippus is the first person who we know of to start the atomic idea. Democritus named these building blocks of matter atoms. Democritus further developed the atomic idea using this math argument that if you split matter into parts then eventually you must stop splitting with an entity which is unsplittable, an entity which can not be divided any further. Thus Democritus offered a math argument for the existence of atoms, but no physical evidence. Later, Epicurus thought the entire universe was composed of only atoms and the void. What was not atoms was empty space.
Our modern concept of the atomic theory was well formulated by Dalton around -0137. Dalton interpreted the mass relationships of elements found by Lavoisier and Proust via The Law of Definite Proportions to propose the existence of atoms. The history of science suggests that even the atomic theory in which all matter is composed of atoms was not fully accepted even circa -0040. Full acceptance of the Atomic Fact occurred only after quantum theory started -0029. Mach did not accept the Atomic Fact as of -0050 due to his rigorous criteria for the verifiability of science. Mach thought the atomic explanation was theoretical speculation without any experimental evidence. Mach thought chemistry and optics could be explained as continuous matter via the resonance theory. Mach formulated a corollary (most books refer to this corollary as Mach's principle, but that is a gross overstatement of its importance). Only the most important ideas can be called principles, and the only principles of science are quantum mechanical principles, because the quantum mechanical principles are fundamental descriptions of atoms. Thus, I can say that an electron is the Pauli exclusion principle or the Pauli exclusion principle is the electron. I can not apply Mach's corollary to atoms in this fundamental way, because Mach's corollary is derivative of atoms. Two statements of Mach's corollary follow. A) The motion of a particle can be described meaningfully only in relation to the entire remainder of the matter in the universe. B) Inertia is the result of all the matter in the universe. (Where inertia is defined as the tendency of matter at rest to remain at rest, and for matter in motion to continue in motion in the same direction.) Accordingly PU theory reformulates Mach's corollary as follows. A') An atom does not exist by itself in isolation of all the other atoms in the universe, and B') given a particular atom, the entire remainder of the atoms of the universe defines that particular atom. Mach's corollary is a subset of the 4 quantum principles in that an atom is the totality, and that every atom in the totality is superpositioned on every other atom, thus the totality is completely interconnected. Any one atom is influenced by every other atom via superposition-- total interconnectedness.
Physics and math describes our observable electron universe and any person wanting to know about the observable universe can learn the laws of physics, but likewise the observable universe can be simply described as the 94th electron of a Plutonium Atom Totality containing many atoms inside it, transforming itself to the next heavier element totality. Science laws become descriptions of atoms, and math is the language of atoms. True science takes time to replace false notions and pseudoscience. Quantum theory is a true set of knowledge. Quantum theory is the basis for the periodic table of chemical elements and in addition the understanding of the chemical bond, and molecular chemistry. The laws of quantum mechanics subsumes chemistry and provides much of the math theory of a large part of physics. The quantum theory provides the understanding of electrical conductivity, solids, magnetism, superconductivity, phase transitions of matter. As of this writing, the quantized Hall effect and superconductivity require explanations. The quantum theory provides the understanding of the atomic nucleus. The basis for the energy release in radioactive growth and decay involves quantum mechanical events. Starpower is explained by the laws of quantum mechanics. The technological advance of nuclear power energy in the form of fission reactors, and fusion reactors in the future, along with superconductivity are three great achievements of the application of quantum mechanical theory. The largest set of predictive ideas in existence are quantum theory. This textbook is based on quantum theory of physics. After 7/11/0050, all of science is quantum theory. General relativity, special relativity, and thermodynamics are now seen as mere subsets or algorithms of quantum theory. A math algorithm is a computational rule to find the solution of a problem such as for example the square root of any whole number is given by an algorithmic rule. After 7/11/0050 all of physics will consist of quantum theory of a Plutonium Atom Totality.
At any one moment, the science community consists of many vested interests such as jobs in research; large science projects such as fusion reactors, supercolliders, the genome project; teaching and tenureship. Professors who regurgitate old ideas even when convincing evidence is given that those old ideas are wrong, because new ideas threaten to discontinue their old teaching habits. It is easier to teach the status quo then to teach new revolutionary ideas. Professors write books that are about the old ideas and pseudoscience such as the big bang and black holes, in order to make money from the selling of those books. It is easier to write a pseudoscience book than to create new true physics. The commercial role and action of science journals which entrench pseudoscientists and their pseudoscience, providing free and easy access to publication and advertisement for their pseudoscience books, plus giving false acclaim to pseudoscientists. The result is that the journals exclude true knowledge; exclude new revolutionary science. Journals will keep-out true science as long as possible until it is overwhelming. Then they try to patch-over their past mistakes, their near-sightedness, by saying to the world that they were on the cautious side. That the evidence before their admission of the new revolutionary science was not strong enough. Revolutionary science has to go around the commercial journals and the intuitionless professors. Eventually the revolutionary ideas prevail because it is the truth. Upon introduction to the science community, the most revolutionary of science thinking is at first opposed and ignored. For that is what revolutionary means, is that someone sees far beyond all others and so it takes time for others to catch-up and see the same. But revolutionary science prevails since it is the truth, regardless of the time required for acceptance by the science community. I expect the atom totality theory will not get immediate acceptance by anyone in the science community. After reviewing this textbook many people will return to these ideas and with time acknowledge the main ideas as true. The first true believers of the Plutonium Atom Totality after myself are, I suspect, the young people who have open minds, minds which have not-yet-formed-as-hard-as-concrete. Young people who have not been brainwashed by the status quo pseudoscience regurgitated from the mouths of intuitionless professors of physics. Once the atom totality idea gains momentum, then the many other theories will be abandoned suddenly. Swiftly ejected overboard. Science revolutions are violently quick once momentum picks-up. Many of the opponents and ignorers will then quickly revert to supporting and acclaiming the atom totality. They will make a 180 degree rotation at the hint that the rest of the science community (the herds, the bandwagons of intuitionless professors) is following. And I would not be surprized that some ignorers or opponents will back-track through their notebooks to try to fabricate lies that they were pre- or co- discoverers of the atom totality. I would not be surprized that some will even go so far as to try to steal the discovery of the atom totality. And some will lie about the math discoveries and try to steal my math proofs. I would not be surprized that a few will try to rewrite my math proofs keeping only the engines of the proofs and rewording everything else, and then lie that it was their own discovery. Most people think that the historical development of important ideas of physics and especially math is a clean state of affairs. Anyone can easily review the history of the fighting that went on between Newton and Leibniz over the discovery of the calculus, or between Gauss and Bolyai over nonEuclidean geometry. Or the infighting that went on between the BernoullisÃÂÃÂ over priority. The truth is that physics and math have more than their share of dirty fighting, stemming from the usual human weaknesses of hate, lie, cheat, steal, and even kill. And perhaps more so for math and physics, since a math proof or an important physics discovery have a "human timeless quality, a live forever trait". The meaning of the word "immortality" is best linked with an important physics discovery or math proof. Money, love, political power, fame, all melt like the snow or ice, but a major physics discovery or the math proof of an outstanding math conjecture lasts. Few people will remember, or even care what other individuals were around when Euclid or Archimedes lived. The person who discovers an important math proof or makes an important physics discovery are the most likely to attain whatever is meant by the word immortality. The first reactions from the scientific community to the Plutonium Atom Totality will come as I expect-- hostility, incredulity, and a desire to ignore the idea, because an atom totality is proving our Maker. The immensity of the idea and the impact on every other subject. All belief systems, all knowledge, all wisdom will have to conform to the idea that the totality is a plutonium atom. Similarly, the reaction in historical pasttimes by the world was hostility when the idea was first proposed that the Earth was a sphere. The strong evidence that the Earth was a sphere because the Sun and planets were spheres, and that a ship on the water comes into our line of sight from the top on down, but if the Earth were flat then the full ship would always be seen once sighted. To the uninformed mind, a spherical Earth meant, that people on the other side would fall-off. And to the majority of humanity in the past whose belief system was ruled more so by religious beliefs (dogma), a spherical Earth tended to lower their belief systems. It will be an exceedingly proud day on Earth when science rules the species Homo sapiens. What day has our Maker 231Pu superdetermined for Homo sapiens to be ruled by science? We may have to go through much more radioactive decay before that proud day arrives.
Or the reactions to the atom totality theory may be similar to what Wegener received -0025 for his hypothesis that the continents were once a single mass, then broke-up and drifted apart. The obvious clue of continental drift was the jigsaw puzzle fit of South America with Africa. It took more than 50 years after Wegener made his bold claim that it was verified and the science community accepted his insight. The obvious two clues that the totality is an atom is that the electromagnetic force is an inverse square law the same as the force of gravitation, where charge substitutes for mass. An inverse square law is spherical geometry associated with an atom and only atoms are electromagnetic structures. Plus the clue that if all matter is made of atoms, where only atoms and the space between atoms exists, then the logical implication when followed through is that the totality is itself an atom.
Physicists before 7/11/0050 are analogous to the famous old metaphorically tale about four blind persons measuring an unknown object which was in fact an elephant. In the tale each of the blind persons was able to describe a small part of the whole such as the trunk, or the leg, or the head, or the body, but none of the persons was able to say the whole thing was an elephant. This same metaphorical story applies to the community of physicists before 7/11/0050. The physics community was trying to make the four interactions (forces) of physics into one interaction (force). Before the Plutonium Atom Totality, physicists were trying as hard as they could to unify just the four interactions of physics. They never realized that if the totality itself was an atom then they would not only achieve unification of the four interactions via complementarity, but that the four subjects of physics, chemistry, biology, and math would also be unified. Similar to the metaphorical tale, physicists had derived the four interaction laws explaining the properties of atoms which are accurate and true but none of the physicists had been able to see in their mind's eye that the totality including themselves was part of an atom. The four interactions describing atoms are a math description of the totality which includes the physicists looking at atoms. Most physicists as of the year 0053 use quantum mechanics but they do not believe in it since it is so counterintuitive and they think the theory is incomplete. Most physicists as of the year 0053 believe more in relativity theory than in quantum theory, since relativity theory is not counterintuitive, and so it is easier for them to make assertions in relativity theory. Science along with most things is driven more by tastes, preferences, sentiment, and fervor, rather than by reason, logic, and facts. And even when logical argument shows that those tastes are insupportable, and the evidence weighs against them. Most physicists as of the year 0053 believe (tastes) that there is a unification for the four interactions of physics where all four interactions join together as one interaction, something which PU theory argues against, saying that interactions come in 2, in dualities and the four interactions will never reduce to three,two, or one. PU theory unifies the four interactions by pairing them as complementary duals. Presently many physicists run around trying to disprove and find fault with quantum theory because quantum theory is so counterintuitive, so bizarre, so puzzling to them. Quantum theory does not agree with their mentality (tastes). These fault-finders have the hope and wish that quantum theory is incomplete in comparison to relativity theory and that in the future the quantum theory will be overturned or found as only partially true. Others in the physics community and even the math community try to elevate minor ideas, or algorithms such as special and general relativity above quantum theory. Bell's inequality with Aspect's experiments proved Einstein wrong about quantum theory, and showed that the quantum physics is on the large scale as well as the small scale, directly implying that the universe is one scale, a quantum scale, and thus an atom. Many physicists keep running around thinking black holes exist ignoring and in complete contradiction to the Pauli exclusion principle. Many physicists run around thinking pulsars are neutron stars in complete contradiction to the uncertainty principle. They are possessed by a demon of illusion thinking that a star could be a ball of solid neutrons. Such a demon of illusion is as stupid and ignorant as believing that there exists a living thing which is pure visible DNA. Physics intuition comes infrequently to humans. Feynman had a wire to the protons, and also Dirac, Bohr, Heisenberg, and Pauli. In my view, EinsteinÃÂÃÂs wire to the protons was thin and short circuited. Einstein was a physics lightweight compared to Bohr because his intuition failed on quantum theory. The reader of this textbook can review the bitter history of the quarrel between the two camps of Einstein and the followers of relativity theory and Bohr and the followers of quantum theory. There are many historical accounts and