Chavin, early Peru, combined condor calendar and jaguar calendar, spider as quipu deity, birdman of Chavin de Huantar (and Yverdon-Clendy)
In the beautiful and impressive Chavin (stress on -vin) exhibition at the Rietberg Museum Zurich (we know of Americans who fly over the 'big pond' for a visit of this museum, while many of my fellow natives never have been there) I found to my big pleasure a perfect and much earlier analogue of the condor calendar inspired by the seven and seven condor strings on the Bennett Monolith of the Akapana Pyramid at Tiahuanaco - a large gold crown in the form of a curved sheet with seven and seven windows, one row above, one below, framed by embossed intertwined strings, two above and two below, or one loop above and one below, and hung in the windows, fixed with wire, seven and seven male heads en face, while a smaller and simpler gold crown has six and six windows, in them six and six male profiles with feline features. The two crowns are from Kuntur Wasi meaning Condor's Nest on a hill of a beautiful mountain range, between 800 and 550 BC. In my opinion they represent a condor calendar based on a period of 26 days and a jaguar calendar based on a period of 30 days, counted on knotted strings that were consecrated to the quipu deity of the spider, an insect producing a thread, worshipped as mythical inventor of the quipu system, originally used for counting time
1 condor (string) for 26 days 7 condors for half a year (182 days) 14 condors 1 knot for a regular year (365 days) 14 condors 2 knots for a leap year (366 days 92 condors for 81 moons (2392 days) (mistake four hours in fifty years)
1 jaguar (string) for 30 days 6 jaguars 2 knots for half a year (182 days) 12 jaguars 5 knots for a regular year (365 days) 12 jaguars 6 knots for a leap year (366 days) 63 jaguars for 64 moons (1890 days) (mistake half a day in a lifetime)
Begin with 30 29 30 29 30 29 30 29 30 days for 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ... moons or lunations or synodic months. 15 and 17 lunations yield 443 and 502 days respectively. 17 15 17 15 17 lunations yield 502 945 1447 1890 2392 days for 17 32 49 64 81 lunations. A long cycle of 64 moons or 81 moons - counted on the knotted strings and completed - would have been symbolized by the head of a jaguar-man or condor-man in the web of the quipu-spider: eyes closed, corners of the mouth dropped, periods of time over and gone.
Chavin de Huantar (stress on -an-) is the emblem of the Chavin culture, higher up in the mountains, at the base of a triangular peak, inhabited already five thousand years ago. A monolith, over four meters tall, shows a man, in my opinion the birdman, his nose also a beak, his eyes moon and sun combined, his hair snakes curled around stars, while further elemens invoke the kaiman and puma or jaguar. The so-called Lanzon (stress on -zon) stood on the roof of the main temple in between 3,500 and 3,000 years ago, then was placed in the holiest chamber of a new complex, a narrow room in the center of four meeting gangways, lit by the morning sun, especially on midwinter.
The Lanzon reminds me of the birdman among the over forty menhirs at Yverdon-Clendy in western Switzerland, on the southern end of Lake Neuchatel. The seven hypothetically oldest menhirs would have formed a large raven. Five of the seven menhirs would have represented the equinoxes and solstices. Four of them would have marked the corridor of the midsummer sun, rising by then from the middle of the lake, and of the setting midwinter sun. And all seven stones would have been the raven map of the region of the three lakes. The head stone is a bird with a round eye and beak, but also a man (and a hand, and a tree) depending on light and vantage point. Reliefs of a pair of courting ravens are seen on the spring menhir, end of the left wing:
An early astronomical sanctuary of seven poles in the shape of a 'condor' at Chavin de Huantar could have provided sighting lines of the rising and setting sun on the equinoxes and solstices if the poles had had the following x / y coordinates
head 0 / 2 (pointing northward or southward)
right wing 4 / + -1
body 0 / 0
left wing - 4 / + - 1
tail 0 / - 2
One pole would have represented a period of 26 days. The 'condor' may have flown northward for half of a year, and southward for the other half year.