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Topic: What's the Meaning of "Direct Instruction"?
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Richard Hake

Posts: 1,224
From: Woodland Hills, CA 91367
Registered: 12/4/04
What's the Meaning of "Direct Instruction"?
Posted: Sep 4, 2012 5:50 PM
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Some subscribers to MathEdCC might be interested in a recent
discussion-list post "What's the Meaning of 'Direct Instruction" (aka
"The Effective But Forgotten Benezet Method of K-8 Education -
Response to Camp").

The abstract reads:

*********************************************
ABSTRACT: In my post "The Effective But Forgotten Benezet Method of
K-8 Education"[Hake (2012a) at <http://bit.ly/SbTiWD>, I listed as
one of the reasons that the Benezet Method <http://bit.ly/926tiM> is
virtually forgotten is "the opposition of those who favor 'direct
instruction' (i.e., 'drill and practice') in the early grades."

PhysLrnR's Paul Camp responded: "THAT'S NOT WHAT DIRECT INSTRUCTION
REFERS TO AND YOU KNOW IT."

Camp evidently thinks "direct instruction" has some commonly accepted
meaning. But had Camp bothered to scan my *complete* 21 kB post at
<http://bit.ly/SbTiWD>, he might have noticed my emphasis on the
ambiguity of that term and my guess as to its operational meaning to
those who oppose the Benezet Method. Therein I wrote:

"The ambiguous phrase 'direct instruction' is used [here] in the
'Mathematically Correct' <http://bit.ly/beOVtu> sense discussed in
'Language Ambiguities in Education Research' (Hake, 2008) at
<http://bit.ly/bHTebD>: " 'DRILL AND PRACTICE,' 'non-hands-on,'
'teach 'em the facts' (Metzenberg, 1998) at <http://bit.ly/9rGbSj>
(scroll down to just above "AAAS Benchmarks for Science Literacy"),
and 'non-discovery-learning,' where 'discovery learning' means
setting students adrift either in aimless play or ostensibly to
discover on their own, say, Archimedes' principle or Newton's Second
Law."

In "Language Ambiguities in Education Research" I indicate my guesses
as to what the following groups have meant by "direct instruction":
(a) Mathematically Correct, (b) physics education researchers, (c)
Klahr & Nigam (2004) in "The equivalence of learning paths in early
science instruction: effects of direct instruction and discovery
learning" <http://bit.ly/9jzh39> (the CMU server was down on 04 Sept
2012 but will probably recover), and (d) Association Of Direct
Instruction <http://www.adihome.org/>.
*********************************************

To access the complete 16 kB post please click on <http://bit.ly/PWS8aj>.

Richard Hake, Emeritus Professor of Physics, Indiana University
Links to Articles: <http://bit.ly/a6M5y0>
Links to SDI Labs: <http://bit.ly/9nGd3M>
Academia: <http://bit.ly/a8ixxm>
Blog: <http://bit.ly/9yGsXh>
Twitter <http://bit.ly/juvd52>
GooglePlus: <http://bit.ly/KwZ6mE>

"When we say force is the cause of motion we talk metaphysics, and
this definition, if we were content with it, would be absolutely
sterile. For a definition to be of any use, it must teach us to
*measure* force; moreover, that suffices; it is not at all necessary
that it teach us what force is *in itself*, nor whether it is the
cause or the effect of motion."
- Henri Poincare (1905)

REFERENCES [URL's shortened by <http://bit.ly/> and accessed on 03 Sept 2012.
Hake, R.R. 2012a. "The Effective But Forgotten Benezet Method of K-8
Education," online on the OPEN AERA-L archives at
<http://bit.ly/SbTiWD>. Post of 02 Sep 2012 15:28:15-0700 to AERA-L
and Net-Gold. The abstract and link to the complete post are being
transmitted to several discussion lists and are also on my blog
"HakesEdStuff" at <http://bit.ly/ORLO6e> with a provision for
comments.

Hake, R.R. 2012b. "What's the Meaning of 'Direct Instruction" (aka
"The Effective But Forgotten Benezet Method of K-8 Education -
Response to Camp") online on the OPEN AERA-L archives a archives at
<http://bit.ly/PWS8aj>. Post of 3 Sep 2012 13:20:41-0700 to AERA-L
and Net-Gold. The abstract and link to the complete post are being
transmitted to several discussion lists and are also on my blog
"HakesEdStuff" at <http://bit.ly/OIVVtI> with a provision for
comments.

Poincare, H. 1905. "Science and Hypothesis," Walter Scott Publishing;
online at <http://bit.ly/9hVfA8> thanks to the Mead Project. A
Wikipedia entry on Poincare is at <http://bit.ly/b4jGVS>.



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