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R
Posts:
31
Registered:
10/8/10


Re: Algebra Question
Posted:
Nov 23, 2012 9:39 AM


In fact, there is more. To avoid any confusion:
If we assume the underlying probability of a discrete random variable y is binomial, we have:
pr(y;theta)=(nCy*theta^y)(1theta)^(ny)
where
the possible values of y are the (n+1) integer values 0,1,2,...,n
(nCy*theta^y) = n! / [y!(ny)!]
 Notes:
1. That statistical estimation problem concerns how to use n and y to obtain an estimator of theta, "theta_hat", which is a random variable since it is a function of the random variable, y.
2. The likelihood function gives the probability of the observed data (i.e., y) as a mathematical function of the unknown parameter, theta.
3. The mathematical problem addressed by maximum likelihood estimation is to determine the value of theta, "theta_hat", which maximizes L(theta)
The maximum liklihood estimator of theta is a numerical value that agrees most closely with the observed data in a sense of providing the largest possible value for the probability L(theta).
Using calculus to maximize the function,(nCy*theta^y)(1theta)^(ny), by setting the derivative of L(theta) with respect to theta equal to zero and then solving the resulting equation for theta to obtain theta_hat:
(d/d_theta)[L(theta)] = nCy([y*theta^(y1)][ny]theta^y[1theta]^[ny1])
I can see how the chain rule has been applied above. However, the textbook goes on to simplify above (which confuses me) as follows:
nCy[(y*theta^[y1])*([1theta]^[ny1])*(yn*theta)]
Any tips would be appreciated.
Thanks!
R
p.s. apologies if I've made mathematical notation errors.



