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Re: ANN_Error Goal
Posted:
Feb 7, 2013 6:45 AM


"Suresh" wrote in message <kerf2e$sps$1@newscl01ah.mathworks.com>... > How to decide the value of Error goal while training a neural network for different pattern recognition problems ?
Unfortunately, there is no analytic relationship between the discontinuous classification error rate Nerr/N and continuous error (targetoutput). Therefore, classifiers are usually trained to minimize the continuous meansquarederror even though low classification error rate is the ultimate goal.
Subsequently, the same rule is used for regression with Odimensional targets and classification with O = c classes where the target matrix contains columns of the cdimensional unit matrix eye(c). In each case the data provides Neq equations
Neq = N*O
to estimate Nw unknown weights. The resulting estimation degreeoffreedom is
Ndof = NeqNw
The NAIVE MODEL assumes that the output is a constant equal to the mean of the target values
y00 = repmat(mean(target'),1,N)); Nw00 = O % size(y00,1) Ndof00 = NeqO % (N1)*O
The resulting biased mse is
MSE00 = sumsqr((targety00)/Neq MSE00 = mean(var(target',1)) % Proof for reader
The corresponding unbiased mse that is "a"djusted for the loss of degrees of freedom caused by using the same data to estimate the Nw00 weights is
MSE00a = sumsqr((targety00)/Ndof00 MSE00a = mean(var(target')) % Proof for reader
For more sophistcated models, the goal is to account for as much of the target data variance as possible.This is quantified by the normalized quantities
NMSE = MSE/MSE00 and NMSEa = MSEa/MSE00a
with the ultimate design goal of 0 and a 100% representation of the target data variance.
Statisticians use the Rsquared quantities (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coefficient_of_determination)
R2 = 1  NMSE R2a = 1  NMSEa
with the ultimate design goal of 1 and a 100% representation of the target data variance.
I use the more practical design goal of R2a = 0.99 and a 99% unbiased representation of the unbiased target data variance. This yields
=========================================== = = = MSEgoal = 0.01*Ndof*MSE00a/Neq % Proof for reader = = = ===========================================
For a feedforward NEURAL NET model with I=HO node topology,
Nw = (I+1)*H+(H+1)*O
net.trainParam.goal = MSEgoal;
Hope this helps.
Greg
P.S. The DOF corrections are only for the training data used to directly estimate the weights. The corrections are not needed for nontraining validation and test data.



