Let me get back to particle physics of rest-mass, charge, spin, waves, Space. I need to make more progress so that the 6th edition is not as struggling to fit the pieces together.
Let me review here what is secure:
Axioms of physics are 5: 1-4 Axioms are the symmetrical Maxwell Equations 5th Axiom is all the facts of chemistry
So that to produce physics, we have all the facts of chemistry and then apply the Maxwell Equations unto those facts and we get all of physics. So physics is chemistry in motion of the Maxwell Equations.
We hold these experiments as basic truths of physics:
1) Lines of force of a permanent bar magnet is perpetual energy and it is begot from spin alignment of iron atoms. Electricity has no perpetual motion except for electrons and subatomic particles inside bound atoms. Perpetual energy or perpetual motion is macroscopic only for magnetism, not for electricity.
2) Double slit experiment tells us the photon, electron, proton are transverse waves and Maxwell Equations tell us the photon has to be a double transverse wave so that the speed is constant regardless of wavelength.
(3) Electrons tend to transform into photons and the reverse. The process is pair annihilation and pair production. Neutrinos do not transform to other particles.
So, recently I am weighing the prospects that rest mass is a tying up of a transverse wave to travel into a circle at its leading edge. So that a photon is a double transverse wave as this:
E- M+ M- E+
where the E's and M's have destructive interference and all the energy of the photon is along the axis of motion.
Now a electron would look like this: E- M+ M-
And be missing a E+ and so the lopsidedness of the E's and M's would cause the leading edge of the electron to form a closed loop or circle and when a wave front has its front form a closed loop, it cannot travel at the speed of light and the closed loop is rest-mass, and where the remainder of the wave in back of the closed loop is the kinetic energy given to the closed loop electron.
I do not know if the Maxwell Equations allows me to think the rest- mass (perhaps a better name would be potential mass rather than rest- mass) is a closed loop circle of the leading edge of the wavefront.
Now I can sort of draw a picture in ascii art of the photon as this:
And the electron as this:
Where the asymmetrical transverse wave at its leading edge started to circle around and became a closed loop which is the electron, and its tail wave being kinetic energy of motion.
So, can I get approval from the Symmetrical Maxwell Equations that rest-mass is when a transverse wave is asymmetrical and thus forms a closed loop at its leading edge? Can I get approval?
Well it seems almost impossible. But the other day I posted what happens in astronomy when you believe in a error of the Doppler redshift and that the redshift is not a distance measure but a curvature of space measure. And even though you accept a Doppler redshift and map all the galaxies with that error, that one of those intervals will have a Ring of galaxies.
--- quoting --- ?http://spider.ipac.caltech.edu/staff/jarrett/papers/LSS/ The third layer (0.01 < z < 0.02) is dominated by the P-P supercluster ?(left side of image) and the P-I supercluster extending up into the ?ZoA terminating as the Great Attractor region (notably Abell 3627) ?disappears behind a wall of Milky Way stars. An intriguing "ring" or ?chain of galaxies seems to circle/extend from the northern to the ?southern Galactic hemisphere (see also Figure 1). ?It is unknown ?whether this ring-like structure is physically associated with the ?cosmic web or an artifact of projection. ?--- end quoting --- Now, if the mapping had been conducted where redshift was purely curvature of space, you end up with not one ring but with numerous rings.
So, why bring that up? Well, we ask the question of why is magnetism the only subject of physics that has Perpetual Motion on a macroscopic scale and the only perpetual motion for electricity is inside atoms. And so, like the one Ring in Jarrett's mapping, points to the error in believing that redshift is a Doppler effect, when instead, redshift is the observation of diffraction of light waves that travel in a highly curved region of space.
So what is my error about rest-mass and magnetism and electricity? My error is that I have not brought the 5th axiom of all of chemistry with the 4 Maxwell Equations.
Let me try to do that now. If I consider the 5th axiom to be a 231Pu plutonium Atom Totality inside which the Maxwell Equations operate, then, do I not remedy the deficiency of only magnetism having macroscopic perpetual motion? If the Universe is just one big atom, then intelligent life inside would see perpetual motion of magnetism as the only perpetual motion on the large scale. All other perpetual motion would only be confined inside atoms. But, if the Universe is just one atom, then everything else in the Universe is also in perpetual motion. And we thus would have perpetual motion of electricity on the macroscale or large scale alongside perpetual energy of magnetism.
So if I include the 5th axiom along with the Maxwell Equations, I can then get Faraday's lines of force as Space itself, as magnetic monopoles, and where perpetual motion of electricity is now on the large scale as well as magnetism.
And finally, I gain support of the idea that rest-mass is when a transverse wave leading edge curls up around into a closed loop, because with that 5th axiom the Observable Universe is a last electron of that huge Universe Atom.
Let me think about it, before I judge it. A test springs to mind, in pair production and annihilation.
Google's archives are top-heavy in hate-spew from search-engine- bombing. Only Drexel's Math Forum has done a excellent, simple and fair archiving of AP posts for the past 15 years as seen here: