In the early 1990s, before 1993, I assembled a conjecture that is perhaps the most important conjecture in all of mathematics, today. It is the problem that everyone in mathematics should stop their own projects, just drop them as rather trite and meaningless and pick up on this conjecture. In simple terms the conjecture is that Euclidean geometry is the assemblage of Elliptic geometry with Hyperbolic geometry.
Euclidean geometry = Elliptic unioned with Hyperbolic geometry
Another expression is that the "Whole = plug plus hole in fabric"
In terms of Maxwell Equations, the bar magnet is Elliptic geom and the closed loop wire is Hyperbolic geometry and the electric current that flows as the bar magnet is thrust through the closed loop wire is Euclidean geometry.
Now I reached a point in this textbook where I can make final and ultimate sense of the fine-structure constant of physics. And let me blair out here and now what it is-- in mathematics, Euclidean geometry, it has a fine structure constant called pi and defined as circumference of circle divided by 2xradius and is equal to about 3.14. Now in physics, it has a fine-structure constant equal to about 1/137.
Now in mathematics, when doing only Euclidean geometry the C =pi*d or C=pi*2r. But physics is not just Euclidean geometry, although most physicists in their calculations assumes only Euclidean geometry. That is why Special Relativity is so difficult to imagine is because it is not just Euclidean but also includes Elliptic and Hyperbolic and how they produce Euclidean. So when a physicist is transforming with the Lorentz transformation, all that is taking place is the moving back and forth between Elliptic plus Hyperbolic to Euclidean.
In reality, in both physics and mathematics there is but one and only one "dimensionless constant". In math we call it pi, in physics we call it fine-structure constant. Now some may think that proton to electron mass ratio is another dimensionless constant in physics, but ask yourself how many times is that number appearing in equations of physics? Never, unless you focus on M_p/M_e. And if it were, then you take any physics measure such as the volume of proton versus volume of electron and divide one into the other and claim you found a new dimensionless constant. So the fact of the matter is, that mathematics and physics has but one and only one dimensionless number, and for math it is pi and for physics it is fine structure constant.
Now let me show you how it works for math and then for physics. In math, since it is a subset of physics, we have a electron moving in a straight line in Euclidean geometry and now we want a circle, so we apply a force to bend the electron path to form the circle. We measure the diameter of the circle and find out it is 3.14 of the circumference. So we have our pi, a dimensional constant for the number fits all circles, but only circles in Euclidean geometry.
So pi of 3.14 is not the dimensional constant of physics, but some other number because physics is worried not just of Euclidean geometry but has to include Elliptic alongside Hyperbolic. So the pi of physics is not 3.14 but rather 1/137 = 0.0072. Now that means if you are working exclusively and only in Euclidean geometry you have to use 3.14, but if you are working in geometry where you have Euclidean = Elliptic unioned to Hyperbolic, you have to use 0.0072.
Now let me show you how it works specifically. Instead of a electron in a straight line bent to form a circle. We have the Sun moving in a straight line at 220km/sec and it forms a magnetic monopole sphere around the Sun that stretches out forming the solar ecliptic out to the Kuiper belt and forming the Oort Cloud sphere.
The Sun creates the geometry around the Sun since it has the most mass of the solar system. The geometry that the Sun creates is an ecliptic plane inside a Kuiper belt plane and Oort Cloud sphere. The Oort Cloud is spherical in shape.
So now, applying the inverse of 0.0072 equals 137, we have the ecliptic to Kuiper belt of about 50Au.
So we have 137 * 2pi * 50Au is 43,018 Au. Now in Wikipedia they say that the Oort Cloud is 50,000 Au, but that is just a number pulled out of rough estimates.
Now if we go to galaxies and measure their galactic bulge, their centers, is equivalent to the Kuiper belt and then use the same inverse fine structure constant, we end up with the full length of the galaxy in question.
Approximately 90 percent of AP's posts are missing in the Google newsgroups author search starting May 2012. They call it indexing; I call it censor discrimination. Whatever the case, what is needed now is for science newsgroups like sci.physics, sci.chem, sci.bio, sci.geo.geology, sci.med, sci.paleontology, sci.astro, sci.physics.electromag to?be hosted by a University the same as what Drexel?University hosts sci.math as the Math Forum. Science needs to be in education?not in the hands of corporations chasing after the next dollar bill.?Besides, Drexel's Math Forum can demand no fake names of all posters which reduces or eliminates most spam and hate spew and search engine bombing. Drexel has done a excellent, simple and fair author-archiving of AP sci.math posts since May 2012?as seen here :