Search All of the Math Forum:

Views expressed in these public forums are not endorsed by NCTM or The Math Forum.

Topic: geometry of atoms-- stacking of toruses for Ampere Law #1725 Atom
Totality 5th ed

Replies: 0

 plutonium.archimedes@gmail.com Posts: 13,571 Registered: 3/31/08
geometry of atoms-- stacking of toruses for Ampere Law #1725 Atom
Totality 5th ed

Posted: Aug 23, 2013 4:25 PM

Now the torus is the geometry shape that most closely matches the physics description of -- closed loop wire, especially when one includes the magnetic field around the wire as the electric current flows through the wire.

So here we have a fundamental building block of geometry from the Maxwell Equations-- the torus. So rather than apply the Schrodinger Equation or the Dirac Equation for pictures of atoms, we instead, apply the stacking of toruses for a maximum Ampere law force of attraction of electrons.

Now the wires for atoms would be these toruses, but the physical entity is magnetic monopoles as the wires. The electrons of atoms move around on the magnetic-monopoles and the attraction of electron to other electrons is the Ampere law-- parallel currents attract and antiparallel repel.

So in a very real sense, the ATOM is the most stable unit in physics because it is the most Ampere attraction of both the electrons for other electrons and of the nucleus of protons for other protons. And everything else in the Universe are subatomic particles or waves that have not yet settled into a stable Ampere law configuration of an atom.

And in this view of Physics, there is no Strong Nuclear Force, for the protons and the Nucleus are the 4 Maxwell Equations at a closer distance to each other of its particles than the electrons orbiting around the nucleus.

So here is a mathematical question to see if we can prove by experiment that the P orbital is the stacking of Px, Py, Pz toruses and where Py is the same as Pz but Px is larger than the two others.
Now boron is 1Px and then carbon is 1Px,1Py and then nitrogen is 1Px,1Py,1Pz and then oxygen is
2Px,1Py,1Pz and when all the P suborbitals are full in neon of 2Px,2Py,2Pz, the question is, is the torus of 2Px larger than the toruses of 2Py and 2Pz which are stacked above and below 2Px.

This is where the Graphene experiment can be so arranged as to answer that question with a Maximum of the Ampere Law of attraction. Is torus stacking a maximization of the Ampere Law of attraction?

In a post to sci.physics a few hours ago, I wrote:

making progress on deriving Aufbau and Hund's rule from Maxwell Equations #1724 Atom Totality 5th ed

I am making progress, but these two Quantum Mechanics principles are likely to be the toughest ones to derive from the Maxwell Equations.

I have the model experiment of graphene to conduct so as to see how the Ampere law allows electrons to attract and thus hold together in an atom.

Basically I have three leads as to the derivation:

a) Ampere law that multiple electrons form structures that attract

b) Geometry of how to put closed loop circuits together for the Ampere law to have electron attraction

c) Magnetic Monopoles used as the closed loop circuits

The Graphene Experiment should help tremendously on the geometry of how to make 3rd dimension circuits where the Ampere law attracts electrons.

Now yesterday I said the cylinder is better than the sphere or ellipsoid, but I am coming to the viewpoint that the torus is what works the best. So that the S orbital is 1 torus. The P orbital would be 3 Toruses stacked. The D orbital would be 5 toruses stacked.

Now I need the Graphene experiment to see if the stacking of toruses is prefering different sizes of the toruses so that the P suborbitals has 1 larger torus from the other 2 toruses.

The entire goal of the Aufbau appears to be the maximum Ampere attraction of the electrons.

Hund's rule is a byproduct of this desire of maximum Ampere attraction. So that electrons enter the 3 P suborbitals singularly at first and when 1 electron occupies the Px, Py, and Pz suborbitals, the next electrons start pairing up with these singular electrons rather than going to the next higher energy level.

So in some sense, the Hund's Rule is sort of like Ampere's law has most attraction between separate wires of electrons, before filling up a wire with 2 electrons.

Now the two electrons in Hund's Rule is spin up and spin down electrons. This suggests that the Magnetic Monopoles are required to fulfill this physics. Because, the Ampere Law involved as H&R wrote-- "parallel currents attract and antiparallel currents repel", means that either the Ampere law is lost or something alters the spin up and spin down, for the spins would be antiparallel.

So that logically suggests that the Magnetic Monopoles enter into the Ampere Law and Faraday Law and the north pole and south pole of the magnetic monopoles are corrective factors of the spin up and spin down.

So we have spin up and spin down supplied with a north magnetic monopole or a south magnetic monopole in order to have all the circuits be parallel currents for an Ampere attraction force.

Again, how important is the Graphene Experiment? Very important for we get a picture of how we Maximize the Ampere Law of Attraction force of currents.

Keep in mind, that when Physics is totally explained by the Maxwell Equations as the 4 axioms, there is one more axiom that is as important as the 4 equations, and the 5th axiom is all the facts and data of Chemistry. So physics, new physics is this formula:

All of Chemistry + 4 Maxwell Equations = Physics

AP