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POW Solution, Dec. 1317
Posted:
Dec 20, 1993 10:40 AM


******************************
Problem of the Week for December 1317:
____________________________       A rectangle is divided into four  45  25  rectangles with areas 45, 25, 15,    and x. Find x. ___________________________     X  15  ___________________________ ******************************
Solutions were received from :
Jen Cotter and Fernando Davila Grade 7, School of the Holy Child, PA Eva Galperin Grade 10, Urban School of San Francisco Perry Garvin Grade 10, Urban School of San Francisco Casey Gage Grade 10, Urban School of San Francisco Mesha Kussman Grade 10, Urban School of San Francisco Jason Kibbey and Jen Dillon Grade 10, Urban School of San Francisco Duskin Drum Grade 10, Urban School of San Francisco Michelle Powers and Jenny Phillips Grade 10, Urban School of San Francisco Barb Hurley Grade 10, Steel Valley High School, PA Nick Szmyd Grade 10, Shaler Area High School, PA Elissa Colter sophomore, Fairfield High School, CT Jay Hunt Grade 9, Steel Valley High School, PA William Cumming Quale Virginia Howard L. Hansen Western Illinois University David Radcliffe University of Wisconsin Leung Wang Yip Tom Hong Kong
A number of the solutions are included below.
======================== From: Cecil Wenisch <wenischc@one.svsd.k12.pa.us>
Submitted by Barb Hurley, grade 10, Steel Valley High School (Pennsylvania)
To find the value of x, first I made a ratio out of the two given numbers and reduced it. Bottom / Top = 15/25 = 3/5
Next I set up an unreduced ratio with x and 45. Bottom / Top = x/45
Then cross multiply the reduced ratio by the unreduced ratio.
Bottom / Top 3/5 = x/45 45(3) = 5x
Last of all, solve for x. 45(3) = 5x 135 = 5x 27 = x ========================= From: nick szmyd <szmyd@one.sasd.k12.pa.us>
To find the area of X, you have to start and find the area of one section of the rectangle. Let's start with 25 since the only way to get 25 from multiplication is from 25x1 and 5x5. You know that each one of the sides has to be a multiple of 15 and/or 45. With that information, the only reasonable answer is 5x5. Now, since each of the sides is equivalent to 5 units, you must find out the other side's units of both rectangle 45 and rectangle15. What times 5 gives you 45. The answer is 9. What times 5 gives you 15. The answer is 3. So, now all the sides are known of each rectangle. The rectangle X shares the long side of rectangle 45 and the short side of rectangle 15. Their lengths are 9 and 3, in that order. Now all you do is multiply them to find the area of rectangle X. The final answer is 27 units.
Nick Szmyd  Shaler Area High School ============================ From: PDALEY@fair1.fairfield.edu
Problem of the Week for December 1317 Submitted by Elissa Colter, sophomore, Fairfield High School
By using several corollaries, definitions, and basic multiplication, the value of x was determined to be 27.
First, 5 is a common factor of both 25 and 15 so the dimensions of the upper right rectangle are 5 X 5 and the dimensions of the lower rectangle are 5 X 3. Using the corollary, "the opposite sides of a parallelogram are congruent", the shorter side of the upper left rectangle is 5, giving the longer side 9, to yield a product of 45. The lower left rectangle uses the opposite sides corollary again, giving the shorter side the measure of 3 and the longer side the measure of 9. Therefore, the area of the lower left rectangle is 27 square units.
================================= From: caroline@forum.swarthmore.edu (Caroline Brennan)
Name: Jen Cotter  grade 7  School of the Holy Child Fernando Davila  grade 7  School of the Holy Child
Solution: To find what x equals, we first recalled the formula for area (A=LxW). We said that the only two multiples for 25 are 5 and 5. So the shorter side of the '45' rectangle would also have to be 5. 45/5 = 9. So the longer side would be 9. If the base of the '15' rectangle was 5, the height would be three. Using 3 and 9, we decided that x = 27.
Teachers: Neil Smart and Caroline Brennan
================================== From: Cecil Wenisch <wenischc@one.svsd.k12.pa.us>
Submitted by Jay Hunt, grade 9, Steel Valley High School,Pennsylvania
Common Multiples of 25,45: 1,5 Common Multiples of 25,15: 1,5
So, A B 25 could be 5*5 or 1*2 15 could be 5*3 or 1*15 45 could be 5*9 or 1*45
Values in column B are impossible.
So. using values in column A, x = 3*9 = 27.
==================================== From: William Cumming Quale <wquale@cvgs.schools.virginia.edu>
Looking at this, the first thing that hits me is that the box with area 25 has sides either five and five or one and twentyfive. As twentyfive is not a factor of either 45 or 15, the sides of the area 25 box must be five and five. If one of the sides of the 15 box is five, then the other must be three; the same logic dictates that the other side of the 45 area box is nine. Now the diagram is as follows:
9 5 _____________________    5 45  25 5 __________________  x  15 3 __________________ 5
It can now easily be seen that the two sides of the rectangle with area x are nine and three, so its area is 27.
Will
========================================= From: hot@SOE.Berkeley.Edu (Henri Picciotto)
My tenth graders at the Urban School of San Francisco worked on this in class, individually or in small groups. A number of students came up with a solution fairly quickly. I asked them to try and show that their answer was the only one possible. A few succeeded in doing that.
We do not have email at the school, so I am typing the seven answers that were turned in. I am summarizing, in order to keep the typing manageable. They each used their own variables, but I will use the ones shown in the figure above.
* Eva Galperin, Perry Garvin, Casey Gage, and Mesha Kussman (working separately from each other) found that 5 was a common factor of 45 and 25 (and 15), concluded that b=c=5, and worked it out from there, finding that x=27.
* Jason Kibbey and Jen Dillon (working together) figured out that a=x/d, b=15/d, and c=45d/x. Then they wrote that (15/d)(45d/x)=25. Cancelling the d's, they got that 675/x=25. They solved for x and got x=27.
* Duskin Drum wrote that x = ad = (45/c)(15/b) = 675/bc = 675/25 = 27
* Michelle Powers and Jenny Phillips (working together) noticed that
25 45  =  15 x
They solved the proportion, and got x=27.



