To add to Beatrice's references on the Palermo Stone, Michael St John has written a 60 page pamphlet on the subject called 'The Palermo Stone - an arithmetical view', published by The Museum Bookshop Ltd, 36 Great Russell Street WC1B 3PP. (ISBN 0 9536865 0 7)
> ------------------------------ > > Date: Thu, 13 Jul 2000 14:08:39 EDT > From: Beatrice Lumpkin <Bealumpkin@aol.com> > Subject: > . . . For example, the Palermo stone, named for the museum where > it is displayed, is one of the earliest (or earliest) historical and > statistical record extant. It lists the reigns of kings from c -3100 > predynastic to c -2300, 5th dynasty. The record is in tabular form, > ruled into rows and columns. The columns are arranged in chronological > order, itself a concept not to be taken for granted at this early date. > The top row gives the king's name, the middle row events of that year > and enumeration of wealth including a biennial count of cattle. The > bottom row gives the height of the Nile flood. If the ancients were > looking for a pattern in the annual floods, none has been found to > date.
> On Palermo Stone, see > > Sir Alan Gardiner, EGYPT OF THE PHARAOHS, Oxford U. Press, 1963, 62-4. > > Barry J. Kemp, ANCIENT EGYPT, ANATOMY OF A CIVILIZATION, Rutledge 1993. > > Beatrice Lumpkin