I would like to respond to the use of calculators in the elementary. Although I am not an elementary teacher (when I grow up I hope to be one, they have many excellent teaching qualities) I have been teaching through the introduction of calculators in the other grades. Because calculators are available does not mean that they are used 100% of the time. Each teacher must make that decission. To me moderation is the key to getting a balance. The use of a calculator allows the student to concentrate on the problem and not worry for the momment about the calculation part. They can look at the big picture and solve more difficult math problems than they would be able to otherwise. The students success in these problems builds an interest in math and inturn builds a curosity about what math is and how it is used. This interest results in the student being excited about math and helps make them a better student.