The victimization felt by many Americans leads too many of our youth to give up before trying. Then, in fact, they become victims of their own self fulfilling prophecy. Students, alienated from the system by real or perceived discrimination, ensure their own failure. People told that they have no chance of success due to their race or ethnicity have no reason to try. I'm afraid the piece "Inclusion of African American Students in Mathematics Classrooms..." is representative of a different tack that might accentuate this problem (if that's possible). First, the majority of the piece recommended teaching strategies and curricular revisions that most teachers would find useful in varying amounts in their teaching. Second, linking this to one racial group might have increased its probability of being published. However, I'm afraid focusing on race characteristics (while certainly intended to be positive in this case) provides those who wish another reason (whether real of imagined) to commit educational suicide. If students get the idea they can only learn in specified manners according to their skin color, we're finished. In my own college experience, I remember taking Partial Differential Equations without a book (the professor assured us his lectures were enough). I was absolutely panicked since I learn best by reading and studying a book. My ability to internalize verbal explanations is not good. I can imagine if I subscribed this weakness to my Scot/English/Czech heritage. Even if it had been true would I have helped myself by believing it? Is this a color blind society or a society where everyone begins with equal opportunity? NO, it's not!! But in my career I've never seen a student whose hard work wasn't rewarded in some profound way. Whatever our failings are as a society, hard work and diligence pay off. Let's not sabotage kids by placing ideas of dubious merit in their path.