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Topic: Japanese Course of Study -- Changes
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Jerry P. Becker

Posts: 16,576
Registered: 12/3/04
Japanese Course of Study -- Changes
Posted: Jun 6, 1998 1:43 PM
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Note: I am sending this note to a number of people and lists. To avoid a
long header list, I am sending it to myself and Bcc'ing it to these people
and lists. Thank you for your understanding.]

Changes in the new Japanese Course of Study (COS)

On the front page of the May 24th, 1998, issue of the "Asahi" newspaper in
Japan, major changes in the new Course of Study (Mathematics) were

These changes are due to the changes in the school calender in Japan --
the school week will be reduced from six days per week to five days in the
year 2002.

Accordingly, there is a 30% reduction in mathematical content in the
elementary school syllabus (grades 1-6) and a 36% reduction in the lower
secondary school syllabus (grades 7-9).

At the upper secondary level, a new course called 'Mathematics
Fundamentals' will be instituted. In the course, some history of
mathematics and mathematics used in daily living will be taught. The course
is especially for students who dislike mathematics and has the objective of
fostering their interest in the subject, and motivating them for learning

The list below reports some of the major changes being made ...



- expressions using inequality symbols (2nd grade)
- areas of trapezoid and polygon (5th grade)
- change of units (2nd- 6th grade )
- regular polygon (5th grade)
- frequency distribution (6th grade)
- value of ratio (a:b=a/b) (6th grade)

Moved to the upper elementary grades [i.e., moved form indicated grade to upper
elementary grade(s)

- introduction to decimals and fractions (3th grade)

Integration into the upper secondary school syllabus (from __th grade):

- surface area of cylinder and cone (6th grade)
- congruence (5th grade)
- symmetry in plane figures (6th grade)
- reduced and enlarged figures (6th grade)
- solid figures such as cone (6th grade)
- expressions using letters (5th grade)
- expressions of proportion (y=3x) and inverse proportion (6th grade)
- ways of arrangement and combination (6th grade)



- slicing a cube (7th grade)
- expressions of numbers [i.e., binary numeration and/or scientific
notation] (8th grade)

Reduced emphasis:

- manipulation of expressions using letters (7th grade)

Additions to upper grade in the lower secondary school:

- similar figures (8th grade) [i.e., moved from 8th to 9th grade]

Integration into the upper secondary grades (from lower secondary grades

- inequality in one dimension and one variable (8th grade)
- formula of solutions for quadratic equation (9th grade)
- some properties of circles such as "tangent chord theorem" (9th grade)
- the center of gravity in triangle (8th grade)
- summarizing data (8th grade)
- events and functions (9th grade)
- sample survey (9th grade)

Note: Elementary school is grades 1-6.
Lower secondary school is grades 7-9.
Upper secondary school is grades 10-12.

Note: I do not have any further information about these changes at this time.


Jerry P. Becker
Dept. of Curriculum & Instruction
Southern Illinois University
Carbondale, IL 62901-4610 USA
Fax: (618)453-4244
Phone: (618)453-4241 (office)

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