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Topic: Female Faculty Lag in Pay, Promotion
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Jerry P. Becker

Posts: 16,576
Registered: 12/3/04
Female Faculty Lag in Pay, Promotion
Posted: Mar 11, 1999 5:10 PM
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From USA Today, February 4, 1999, p.10D

Female faculty lag in pay, promotion

By Mary Beth Marklein

The number of women holding faculty positions on college campuses has
increased since 1975, but women remain more likely than men to be hired for
lower-paying positions, says a new report.

The percentage of female faculty at all types of institutions increased to
33.8% in 1997-98,
compared with 22.5% in 1974-75, says the report, published in the
January-February issue of Academe, the journal of the American Association
of University Professors.

Still, the report says, women at all types of institutions, from four-year
research universities to two-year community colleges, are most likely to be
instructors or lecturers, the lowest faculty job levels. More than half of
all lecturers (55.6%) and instructors (58.6%) are women, it says, while
18.7% of professors, 34% of associate professors and 46.8% of assistant
professors (the entry-level position for full-time faculty) are women.

Part of the explanation for disparities is that a greater proportion of
women than men are new entrants to the field and have less seniority, says
author Ernst Benjamin.

The report also found that the percentage of women increased in
non-tenure-track faculty - a category that offers the least opportunity for
advancement - while their ranks decreased in tenure-track appointments.

Benjamin says "any comprehensive explanation" of the disparity must address
"social practices" common to women, such as primary responsibility for
child rearing.

The report found that within each job category, males earn more than
females. Male professors, for instance, on average make 12.5% more than
female professors.

The report also notes that women are more likely to work at community
colleges, which
generally pay less than four-year institutions.

Jerry P. Becker
Dept. of Curriculum & Instruction
Southern Illinois University
Carbondale, IL 62901-4610 USA
Fax: (618)453-4244
Phone: (618)453-4241 (office)

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