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the NCTM Standards and Multiple Intelligences Theory
Posted:
Mar 5, 2000 3:11 PM


To Whom it May Concern,
I am a student at Villanova University in an independent study project with Professor Alice Deanin. I am studying Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences and how this theory has affected the teaching of mathematics in elementary education. Studying the NCTM standards for grades Pre K2 that are posted on this web page, I was unable to identify standards that involved the intrapersonal intelligence. The intrapersonal intelligence refers to having an understanding of oneself. I found many points throughout the standards that spoke to the logical mathematical, linguistic, visual/spatial, kinesthetic, interpersonal and even the musical intelligence. However, I was very surprised that I was unable to find any direct reference to the intrapersonal intelligence.
The standards seem up to date and progressive. I was encouraged that I was able to locate references to the intelligences that I mentioned earlier in the standards themselves and in the discussion that follows each standard. But, I feel that it is extremely important that teachers incorporate the intrapersonal intelligence into math learning by giving students the opportunity to determine and express the way that they think and feel about the subject matter. The negative attitude about mathematics that pervades our country is often derived from the inability to look at the way we are learning and to express the way we are feeling about it. One technique to integrate the intrapersonal intelligence into the teaching of mathematics is to ask students to keep a math journal. This way students can express any problems or frustrations they may be having and teachers are able to keep abreast of these situations which will help the teachers address them more effectively.
While I feel that the standards have addressed much of Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences, they appear to lack adequate direct reference to the intrapersonal intelligence. Any comments or clarifications would be appreciated. Thank you.
Sincerely, Cathleen Gannon



