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Browse High School Basic Algebra
Stars indicate particularly interesting answers or good places to begin browsing.

Selected answers to common questions:
    Solving simple linear equations.
    Positive/negative integer rules.
    Mixture problems.
    Quadratic equations.
    Absolute value.
    Completing the square.
    Direct and indirect variation.
    Inequalities and negative numbers.



Negative vs. Subtraction in Order of Operations [10/30/2002]
I am trying to find some definitive source for treatment of leading negative numbers in simplifying with order of operations.

Nested Negative Exponents [8/2/1996]
How do I deal with nested negative exponents?

Net Result of Consecutive Percentage Increases [12/11/2003]
Suppose a quantity is increased by some percentage, and then is later increased again by another percentage. How can I calculate the overall percentage increase?

Nonlinear Factors [10/12/1998]
I have been told that factoring the sum of two squared numbers is not possible, but factoring x^4 + 4 is possible. Please explain.

Non-Linear Simultaneous Equations [12/07/2003]
I have four simultaneous equations with four variables, but each one has a non-linear term in it (e.g., ab + c + d = 3). So none of the usual techniques will work! How can I solve the system?

Normalization [08/01/2001]
How do I figure out: 90 + 70 + 88 + 94 + x / 5 = 85 ?

The Nth Root of N [11/28/2000]
Is the nth root of n (a whole number other than 1) ever a rational number?

Number of Equations Needed in a Simultaneous Linear System [10/29/2003]
Could you tell me why we need the same number of equations as variables in order to get a unique solution to a system of simultaneous linear equations?

Number * Sum of Remaining Four Numbers [04/03/2003]
Find 5 numbers such that when each number is multiplied by the sum of the remaining 4 numbers, the following values will result: 152, 245, 297, 320, 360.

Objects in a Pyramid [7/8/1996]
Objects are stacked in a triangular pyramid... how many objects are in the nth layer from the top?

Old Test Questions Answered [1/23/1995]
I am studying for my midterm, and I've come across two questions that I got wrong and don't understand why....

One Variable Equations with Decimals [02/11/1997]
How do you solve 8.25x + 3 = 17.5 + x?

Open Sentence, Statement [09/18/2001]
What is an open sentence?

Operator Precedence [08/13/2003]
Since the following statement is true: (1+1)**(5-2) is 8, why is the following statement true and not false: 2**1+1 is 3 and not 4, and 3*1**3 is 3 and not 27...' ?

Ordering Exponents and Variables [04/08/2000]
Is there a rule for putting terms in descending order if the variables have the same exponent? What about negative exponents and descending order?

Ordering Products, Powers, and Parameters of Trigonometric Functions [10/31/2010]
A student wants to know how to unambiguously interpret strings of trigonometric functions, multiplication, and exponentiation. Doctor Peterson digs into a history book -- as well as another math doctor's conversation -- to illuminate the vagaries of the notation.

Order in Linear Expressions [11/20/2001]
Can you give me a convincing argument as to why, in an equation such as y=13-7x, where y is a function of x, it should be written as y=-7x+13?

Order of Operations [05/19/1999]
Given a, b, x, and y, find ax/by.

Order of Operations with Percentages [04/05/2001]
Why does the order of operations exclude percentage, square roots, etc.?

Other Ways to Get the Quadratic Formula [02/19/2010]
Doctor Jacques shares two ways to derive [-b +/- SQRT(b^2 - 4ac)]/2a without explicitly completing the square.

Pairs of Odd Integers [09/24/1997]
Find all pairs of odd integers a and b that satisfy the equation: a + 128b = 3ab.

Parabola with Horizontal or Vertical Axis [05/03/2001]
How can I find the focus and directrix of a parabola whose axis is either horizontal or vertical, like 2x^2 = -y?

Parabolic Golf Shot Equations [01/24/2002]
Does the ball reach the green?

Parallel and Perpendicular Lines [01/14/1999]
How do you tell without graphing whether the graphs of these equations are parallel, perpendicular, or neither?

Parallel Lines [12/31/1998]
What are some ways of proving lines parallel - geometrically and algebraically?

Parametric Form for Equation of a Line [6/30/1996]
How can you convert an equation such as y = -3x/4 + 7/2 to parametric vector form?

Parity [8/2/1996]
How do I determine if the given function is odd, even or neither? What's the symmetry of the graph?

Partial Fractions [01/29/1998]
How do I express 3/1-(x^3) in partial fractions?

Pascal's Triangle Pattern [04/22/1999]
What pattern does multiplying each entry by 1, 2, 3, 4, 5... in order, and adding the products yield?

Perfect Square: Solving Two Equations [6/14/1996]
x^2 + 5 is a perfect square, and x^2 - 5 is a perfect square.

Perimeter Equals Area in a Triangle [4/2/1996]
When will the area and perimeter of a right triangle be numerically equal?

Picture Frame, Triangle Measurements [5/20/1996]
My teacher gave us ten questions to answer and I could do all except two: 1) A framed rectangular picture is 35cm long and 25cm wide... 2) The base of a triangle is 9cm more than the perpendicular height...

Plus or Minus Sign [03/08/2002]
What does this equation mean: y = +- k ? The - sign is directly under the + sign.

Point Equidistant from 3 Other Points [04/11/1999]
How do you find a point that is equidistant from three other points?

Point on a Line [03/23/2001]
Can you please tell me a formula to find if a point exists on a line? Both are in x,y form.

Polynomial Brain-Twisters [12/4/1995]
I'm stumped on some similar polynomial problems...

Polynomial Degrees and Definition of a Field [03/02/1998]
The degree of polynomials added together, and definition of a field.

Polynomial Factoring Rules [04/02/1997]
How do I apply the polynomial factoring rules to t^21+1 and 25y^2-144 = 0?

Polynomial Problem [3/11/1995]
A remainder of 9 results when the polynomial p(x) is divided by x-2, a remainder of -3 when p(x) is divided by x+2, and a remainder of 3 when divided by x-1. Find the remainder when p(x) is divided by (x-2)(x+2)(x- 1).

Population and Percentage [03/07/1999]
Given population data, find the number of women in two different years.

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