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 TOPICS This page:   algebra    Search   Dr. Math See also the Dr. Math FAQ:   order of operations Internet Library:   basic algebra T2T FAQ:   algebra help MIDDLE SCHOOL About Math Algebra    equations    factoring expressions    graphing equations Arithmetic    division    exponents    factorials    factoring numbers    fractions/percents    logarithms Definitions Geometry    2-dimensional      conic sections/        circles      triangles/polygons    3D and higher      polyhedra History/Biography Logic Measurement    calendars/      dates/time    temperature    terms/units Number Sense    factoring numbers    negative numbers    pi    prime numbers    square roots Probability Puzzles Ratio/Proportion Statistics Word Problems Browse Middle School Algebra Stars indicate particularly interesting answers or good places to begin browsing. Selected answers to common questions:     Direct and indirect variation.     Inequalities and negative numbers.     Positive/negative integer rules.     Solving simple linear equations. Quadratic Equation [6/22/1996] What is a quadratic equation used for? Quadratic Equation [8/28/1996] What is the formula for the quadratic equation? Quadratic Equation [04/08/1997] The sum of two numbers is 15 and their product is 54. Find the numbers... Quadratic Equations [3/19/1996] How are quadratic equations used in the real world? Quadratic Equations [6/25/1996] Solving quadratic equations using the zero-factor property, the square root property, and the quadratic formula. Quadratic Formula [5/11/1995] Could you give me the quadratic formula? Quadratic Formula, Distributive Property [06/02/1997] Who invented the quadratic formula? Quadratic Function: Definition [8/6/1996] What is a "quadratic function"? Quadrilateral Patterns [03/06/1997] What is the formula that gives the number of quadrilaterals within a square grid when you increase the square grid by one unit on each side? Questions about Zero - Undefined or Indeterminate? [8/16/1995] Is 0,0,0,... a geometric sequence? What is the value of 0/0? What is the value of 0^0 (^ means exponent)? Can it be considered to be the limit of a^0 as a approaches 0? Questions Answered Correctly [06/11/2003] There are 30 multiple-choice questions in a contest. Five marks are awarded for each correct answer, and three marks are deducted for each incorrect answer. No marks are awarded for questions left unanswered. If a student scores 78 marks, what is the greatest possible number of questions answered correctly? Raising Sides of an Equation to the 0 Power [12/04/1997] If you raise both sides of an equation to the 0 power, will both sides then be equal to one? Rates of Paddling [04/25/2000] I can travel 12 miles downstream in six hours less than it takes me to travel the same distance upstream... How fast is this river's current? Rationalizing the Denominator [05/27/1997] Why do we have to rationalize the denominator? Rational Number and its Reciprocal [03/14/2002] A rational number greater than one and its reciprocal have a sum of 2 1/6. What is this number? Express your answer as an improper fraction in lowest terms. Rational Root Theorem [08/27/1998] List all possible rational zeros of the each function, then determine the rational zeros: f(x) = x^3 - 4x^2 + x + 2. Ratio of Anti-Freeze to Water [02/05/2003] A barrel is filled with 45 gallons of anti-freeze. 9 gallons are removed and the barrel is refilled with water. 9 gallons of the mixture are removed and again, the barrel is refilled with water. What is the final ratio of anti-freeze to water in the barrel? Ratio of Ratios [06/05/2002] In a community, 3/5 of the men are married to 2/3 of the women. What fraction of the residents are married? The Ratio of Water to Wine [10/22/1995] A cask is filled with 45 gallons of wine. Nine gallons are removed and the cask is refilled with water. The nine gallons of the mixture are removed and the cask is again refilled with water. What is the ratio of water to wine in the final mixture? Ratios and Mixtures [05/10/2001] Sue needs to mix up a potion for her client... in what ratio must Sue mix the honey and turpentine? Rearranging Variables [10/01/1998] Why when you use a variable in a problem does the answer sometimes still have a variable, so you can't get an actual number answer? Rectangles: Area and Perimeter the Same [4/15/1996] There are two different rectangles whose sides are integers and whose area and perimeter are the same. Find the dimensions. Relationship Between Commutative and Associative Property? [06/30/2002] Are both the commutative and associative properties necessary to prove a + b + c = c + b + a? Relations versus Functions [10/27/1998] What is the difference between a relation and a function? What about the domain and range of a function? Restrictions on Variables in Division [8/4/1996] What are the restrictions on the variables in (y^3+8)/(y^2+3y+2)? Reversing the Inequality [09/21/1998] Why does the inequality sign reverse when you multiply by a negative number? Reversing the Inequality Symbol [03/09/1999] Why do we reverse the inequality symbol when dividing/multiplying by a negative number? A Right Triangle of Points [01/14/1999] Determine the values of x that would make the points (x,0), (-2,1), and (3,4) the vertices of a right triangle. Rule of Three [06/15/2002] Please explain to me briefly (and with an example) the concept of the rule of three. Rules of Exponent Manipulation [1/22/1996] f sub r equals the reciprocal of ... Running Rates, Line Segments, and Basic Algebra [6/26/1996] (1) Steven ran a 12-mile race at an average speed of 8 miles per hour. If Adam ran the same race... (2) Given a line made of three segments, which statements are true...? (3) If 3 more than x is 2 more than y, what is x in terms of y? The Sailor's Reward Problem and Prime Numbers [12/11/2004] Does the answer to the classic Sailor's Reward problem have to be a prime number? Same Day Off? [12/08/2002] One person has every ninth day off and started on Sunday, and another person has every sixth day off and started on Monday. When will they both be off on the same day? Savings on Gasoline [05/22/2001] Your old car averaged 22 mpg and you new car should average 37 mpg. Suppose you drive 12,500 miles per year and the cost of gas averages \$1.85 per gallon. How much will you save on gasoline each year? Scale Factor Acrobatics [07/15/2014] A homeschooled teen struggles to make headway with a word problem in two unknowns. After emphasizing the scale factor in their ratio, Doctor Ian models the scenario algebraically. Sets and Subsets [1/23/1995] My teacher said that integers are a subset of reals, and whole numbers are a subset of integers, and counting numbers are a subset of whole numbers, and so on and so forth. What does that mean? Several Ways to Solve a Rate-Time-Distance Problem [02/14/2006] A bus leaves point A travelling at a speed of 10 mph. 22 minutes later a car leaves point A travelling in the same direction as the bus at 40 mph. At what distance will the car catch the bus, and how much time will have elapsed since the car left point A? Shadow Game [01/28/2001] Tom is 6 feet tall and Carol is 5 feet tall. If Carol stands at the "shadow top" of Tom's head, their two combined shadows total 15 feet. How long is each shadow? Sharing the Cost of the Weekend Trip [07/24/2003] A group of people planned to rent a large beach house for a weekend trip. They were to share the \$800 cost equally. However, two people were unable to go and this increased the cost for each person by \$20. How many persons were in the original group? Shortcut for Comparing Fractions [01/14/2003] My teacher showed us how to cross multiply to compare fractions. Page: []

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