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 Metric Measurements For conversions on the Web, try the ConvertIt.com Measurement Converter. In the metric system: we multiply by 10 each time we move to the next larger unit. we divide by 10 each time we move to the next smaller unit. Here are the metric measurements of length. The basic unit is the meter. A meter is close to a yard in length (1 meter = 1.093 yd.), and there are 2.54 centimeters in one inch, and about 1.6 kilometers in one mile. There are 1000 meters in a kilometer, and 1000 millimeters in a meter. ```kilometer 1,000 meters km hectometer 100 meters hm dekameter 10 meters dam METER ---------- 1 meter ----------- m decimeter 0.1 meters (1/10 meter) dm centimeter 0.01 meters (1/100 meter) cm millimeter 0.001 meters (1/1000 meter) mm micrometer 0.000001 meter (1/1000000 meter) nanometer 0.000000001 meter (1/1000000000 meter) ``` Here are the metric measurements of volume. The basic unit is the liter. A liter measures approximately a quart (1 liter = 1.056 qt.) There are 1000 liters in a kiloliter, and 1000 milliliters in a liter. ```kiloliter 1,000 liters kl hectoliter 100 liters hl dekaliter 10 liters dal LITER ---------- 1 liter ----------- l deciliter 0.1 liters (1/10 liter) dl centiliter 0.01 liters (1/100 liter) cl milliliter 0.001 liters (1/1000 liter) ml ``` Here are the metric measurements of mass and weight. The basic unit is the gram. Ten grams measure approximately 1/3 ounce (1 gram = .035 oz.) and there are about 2.2 lbs. in a kilogram. There are 1000 grams in a kilogram, and 1000 milligrams in a gram. ```kilogram 1,000 grams kg hectogram 100 grams hg dekagram 10 grams dag GRAM ----------- 1 gram ----------- g decigram 0.1 grams (1/10 gram) dg centigram 0.01 grams (1/100 gram) cg milligram 0.001 grams (1/1000 gram) mg ``` See also Metric Prefixes & Conversion - Mathematical Concepts, Inc. For some U.S. unit equivalents of metric units, see: Metric System - Merriam-Webster Online For some metric equivalents of U.S. units, see: Weight and Measures - Merriam-Webster Online