Who Will Win the Race?Date: 01/14/98 at 23:13:48 From: casey smith Subject: Problem solving Tortisha and Harry were arguing about who could run the fastest. To end the dispute, they decied to have a race. Harry was so sure that he was faster than Tortisha that he said, "I'll give you a 2-mile head start and still beat you in the race." If Harry runs 3/4 mile every 6 minutes and Tortisha runs 1/2 mile every 5 minutes, who will win the race? Date: 01/15/98 at 10:41:49 From: Doctor Jerry Subject: Re: Problem solving Hi Casey, Imagine an x-axis and a clock. Assume that the runners head towards the positive side, starting from the origin. The clock will start at t = 0 at the time both start to run. Tortisha's velocity is (1/2)/5 = 0.1 mile/minute and Harry's velocity is (3/4)/6 = 1/8 = 0.125 mile/minute. After t minutes, Tortisha will be at T = 2+0.1*t while Harry will be at H = 0.125*t To answer the question, we must know how long the race is. But, meanwhile, we can ask for the time when H=T. That would be 2+0.1*t = 0.125*t or 0.025*t = 2 or t = 2/0.025 = 80. So, with a 2 mile headstart, Harry will catch up with Tortisha after 80 minutes. Tortisha will have run 2+0.1*80 = 2+8 = 10 miles by then. -Doctor Jerry, The Math Forum Check out our web site! http://mathforum.org/dr.math/ Date: 01/15/98 at 11:07:12 From: Doctor Pipe Subject: Re: Problem solving Casey, Since we don't know the distance of the race (4 miles, 6 miles, etc.) we can't say who will win the race. But, we can figure out the distance for a race that would end in a tie and then say that races shorter than this would be won by Tortisha and races longer than this would be won by Harry. If we let t be the number of minutes and s be the distance in miles than we can use the information in the problem to calculate how far Tortisha is from the start after t minutes and how far Harry is from the start after t minutes. First, how long does it take each of them to run a mile? If Tortisha runs 1/2 of a mile every 5 minutes, then she runs a mile every 10 minutes. If Harry runs 3/4 of a mile every 6 minutes, then he runs a mile every 8 minutes. For Tortisha, the distance, s, from the start after t minutes is (don't forget, Tortisha gets a 2 mile head start): s = 2 + (t / 10) For Harry, the distance, s, from the start after t minutes is: s = t / 8 To calculate the amount of time for the two of them to arrive at the same distance from the start (or, how long will it take for Harry to make up the two mile head start that he is giving Tortisha) we create a new equation using the righthand sides of each of the two previous equations and then solve for t: 2 + (t / 10) = t / 8 40 x (2 + (t / 10)) = 40 x (t / 8) 80 + (40t / 10) = 40t / 8 80 + 4t = 5t 80 + 4t - 4t = 5t - 4t 80 = t This tells us that after running for 80 minutes (whew!), both Harry and Tortisha will reach the same spot. Let's check this by plugging t = 80 into the first two equations and verify that they both give the same distance. For Tortisha: s = 2 + (t / 10) s = 2 + (80 / 10) s = 2 + 8 s = 10 For Harry: s = t / 8 s = 80 / 8 s = 10 So, if the race is a ten mile race, then it will end in a tie. Tortisha will have a two mile head start and require the 80 minutes to run the additional eight miles. Harry will require 80 minutes to run 10 miles. If the race is shorter than 10 miles, Harry will not be able to catch up and Tortisha will win! If the race is longer than 10 miles, Harry will pass Tortisha at the ten mile mark and go on to win! See you at the finish line! -Doctor Pipe, The Math Forum Check out our web site! http://mathforum.org/dr.math/ Date: 01/15/98 at 18:59:16 From: Drako1027 Subject: Thank you! Thank you Dr. Math, you really helped me get that problem done. I thought that I was never going to understand how to figure it out. I thank you again and hope to hear from you soon the next time I need your help. |
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