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### Projectile Dynamics

```
Date: 10/21/2000 at 08:20:04
From: Peter
Subject: Dynamics

A particle is projected in a parabolic path from a point on a flat
surface. If the angle of trajectory is theta and the initial velocity
is v, show that at time t when the angle to the horizontal is now
gamma:

tan(gamma) = tan(theta) - (gt/v) sec(theta)

Thank you. Any help would be appreciated.
```

```
Date: 10/21/2000 at 11:30:51
From: Doctor Robert
Subject: Re: Dynamics

This problem is not as hard as it seems. Think about the velocity
vector of the projectile as the projectile goes along its trajectory.
First of all, if you neglect air resistance, there is no change in the
horizontal component of the velocity vector; it's always v cos(theta).
Now the vertical component of the velocity vector is

v sin(theta) - gt

where g is the acceleration of gravity and t is the time of flight. At
some time the vertical component becomes zero; this is when the
projectile is at the top of its trajectory.

Now, draw a diagram of the velocity vector and show the components.
The angle that the velocity vector makes with the horizontal is gamma.

tan(gamma) = [v sin(theta)-gt]/[v cos(theta)]

If you simplify this just a little, it gives you the desired result.

- Doctor Robert, The Math Forum
http://mathforum.org/dr.math/
```
Associated Topics:
High School Physics/Chemistry
High School Trigonometry

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