Solving by Interpolation
Date: 05/30/2001 at 05:04:47 From: Rosly Subject: Exponential equation Dear Dr. Math, Given y = 10 and b = 1.419, find X from this equation: y = ( b^(-0.25X)) + 0.84X I have X, but when I replaced in the equation above, I couldn't get y = 10. I really appreciate your consultation.
Date: 05/30/2001 at 16:07:00 From: Doctor Rob Subject: Re: Exponential equation Thanks for writing to Ask Dr. Math, Rosly. y = 1.419^(-0.25*X) + 0.84*X = (1.419^[-0.25])^X + 0.84*X y = 0.91623^X + 0.84*X This equation, and many other similar ones, cannot be solved algebraically. You will have to find the answer numerically. One way to do this is by the method of interpolation. Find values of X that make y < 10 and y > 10. Call them X1 and X2, respectively. The actual value of X lies between them. Call the corresponding values of y y1 and y2, respectively. Then compute a new value X3 = X1 + (X2-X1)*(10-y1)/(y2-y1) This is the y-intercept of the straight line through (X1,y1) and (X2,y2). If the curve is straight, this will be the answer, and even if it is not, it is closer to the answer than one of X1 or X2. Compute the corresponding y3. Replace (X1,y1) by (X2,y2) and (X2,y2) by (X3,y3). Repeat this until you get as much accuracy as you need. For example, X y 10 8.817 12 10.430 11.46687 9.99887 11.468267964 9.999998975 11.46826923329 10.00000000000 This is the answer to 11 decimal places. The actual value is about 11.46826923328992, according to Mathematica(TM). You can see that this process converges quite rapidly to the correct answer. - Doctor Rob, The Math Forum http://mathforum.org/dr.math/
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