Types of ConesDate: 01/19/99 at 15:57:04 From: Jamie Rowan Subject: Edges of cones Does a cone have an edge? Date: 01/20/99 at 08:55:54 From: Doctor Rob Subject: Re: Edges of cones There are several meanings to the word "cone." In some, it does not have an edge; in others, it does. I will try to describe the various meanings precisely and perhaps then you will see what I mean. Set up a Cartesian rectangular xyz-coordinate system as follows. Take the origin to be the vertex of the cone, and the z-axis to be the axis of the cone. Then a right circular cone can be defined by an equation of the form a^2*z^2 = x^2 + y^2 for some nonzero constant a. The words "right circular" mean that a cross-section perpendicular (at a right angle) to the axis is a circle. Often these words are omitted, since it is quite uncommon to see an oblique circular cone or a right elliptical cone, or other types. An "infinite right circular cone of two sheets" consists of all points whose coordinates satisfy this equation. In this form, you can see that there is no limit on the size of z, so it extends infinitely in both positive and negative z-directions; hence the word "infinite." The words "of two sheets" mean that if you remove the vertex, the surface is split into two connected parts disjoint from each other. If you restrict z to z >= 0, then you get an "infinite right circular cone of one sheet." If you restrict z to 0 <= z <= b, for some positive b, then you get part of a right circular cone of one sheet. I would call this a "finite right circular cone of one sheet." If you add the set of points z = b, x^2 + y^2 <= a^2*b^2 (the base of the cone), you get a closed surface having two faces, with an interior region. I would call this a "closed right circular cone of one sheet." If you consider the region of xyz-space enclosed by that surface, that is, points whose coordinates satisfy 0 <= z <= b, x^2 + y^2 <= a^2*z^2, you get a "right circular conical region," or "solid right circular cone." Any of the above can be loosely called a "cone." Only the last two have an edge, the circle z = b, x^2 + y^2 = a^2*b^2, with center (0,0,b) and radius a*b. The moral of this is that you may need to be precise about which of the above "cones" you mean, then the answer as to whether or not there is an edge can be easily determined. - Doctor Rob, The Math Forum http://mathforum.org/dr.math/ |
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