Uses of Imaginary Numbers
Date: 03/24/97 at 19:27:20 From: Ryan Boyer Subject: Uses of Imaginary Numbers I have been pulling my hair out to find something, anything on real life applications of imaginary numbers. Can you help?
Date: 03/25/97 at 14:33:57 From: Doctor Steven Subject: Re: Uses of Imaginary Numbers Imaginary numbers were discovered in the process of trying to find all the roots of polynomial equations. Nicolo Tartaglia had a formula for finding the roots of a cubic equation that included the roots of -1, which he knew wasn't a number. He also had to add and multiply these numbers together, and in the end these "numeri ficti" (fictitious numbers) canceled out (since he chose his polynomial equations with care, making sure they had all real roots). Imaginary numbers may not have any true meaning in the real world (i.e., it is hard to have 3i dollars, or even to be 240i degrees east). But in many continuous applications where the state of a model at one point in time is dependent on the state of the model at a previous point in time, these imaginary values can affect the value. For instance if we look at the velocity of the tip of an airplane wing and decide that the velocity at time n is 1/2 the velocity squared at time n-1: Say the velocity at time n-1 is 3 + 4i meters/sec: v(n-1) = 3 + 4i meters/sec We say it has velocity 3 meters/sec since the imaginary part doesn't really have any meaning in this case. But the velocity at time n is: v(n) = 1/2*v(n-1)^2 = 1/2*(3 + 4i)^2 = -3.5 + 12i And we say its velocity is -3.5 meters/sec. If we had taken only the real part of the first velocity we would have incorrectly gotten 4.5 meters/sec as our velocity. So you can see that imaginary numbers can affect the output of the model later in its cycle. This example is probably not an accurate representation of the velocity of an airplane wing's tip, but it does get the point across. Hope this helps. -Doctor Steven, The Math Forum Check out our web site! http://mathforum.org/dr.math/
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