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Averaging 30 Miles Per Hour


Date: 03/17/97 at 17:58:41
From: by way of Sarah Seastone
Subject: How to Average 30 MPH

You go on a car trip. For half the distance, you travel at 15 mph. 
What speed should you travel for the rest of your trip such that you 
average 30 mph?

Hint:  Don't assume the obvious!

Thanks for your help.

Michelle


Date: 03/18/97 at 17:21:24
From: Doctor Anthony
Subject: Re: How to Average 30 MPH

Suppose half the distance is x. Time = dist/speed = x/15

Then for the second half of the journey, Time = x/v (v = speed on 
second half)

Total time = x/15 + x/v   Total distance = 2x

Average speed for whole journey =  Total dist/Total time
                                = 2x/(x/15 + x/v)
                                =  2/(1/15 + 1/v)

and this must equal 30.   So 2/(1/15 + 1/v) = 30
                                       1/15 = 1/15 + 1/v
                                          0 = 1/v  so  v = infinity

This shows that you would require an infinite speed on the second half 
of the journey to get an average speed of 30 mph.

-Doctor Anthony,  The Math Forum
 Check out our web site!  http://mathforum.org/dr.math/   


Date: 03/18/97 at 14:16:03
From: Doctor Trent
Subject: Re: Word Problem

You can't do it, the trip you ask for is impossible. 

Let's answer this without algebra by looking at an example. Assume 
that you drove that first half in exactly one hour. That means you 
went 15 miles. The second half of the trip is then another 15 miles, 
for a total of 30 miles. To average 30 miles per hour, you have to 
finish the whole 30 miles in one hour, but you've already used up an 
hour, so you have no time left to travel the other 15 miles.

This example would work with any time that you put in; one hour was 
just the simplest.

You're right, don't assume!

-Doctor Trent,  The Math Forum
 Check out our web site!  http://mathforum.org/dr.math/   
    
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